anarch. = without a leader, 지도자 없는 상태. an (without) + archos (leader)  = 아나키스트 anarchist 동의어

 

anarchism 아나키즘 

 

모든 형태의 국가의 정부는 개인의 자유를 침해하기 때문에, 서로 협력하는 집단의 자발적인 연합이 그 국가의 정부를 대체해야 한다는 입장.

 

또는 조직된 국가에 저항하는 행위를 아나키즘이라고 함.

 

 

anarchy 아나키  1. 정부의 부재 상태

 

2. 정치적 무질서와 폭력. 무법 상태

 

3.  무질서와 혼란 상태.

 

 

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a pithy statement or piece of writing is short and very effective


 (짧고 매우 강력한 문장이나 저술)

 a pithy retort (짧지만 강력한 응수) 

​(of a comment, piece of writing, etc.) short but expressed well and full of meaning

The book is full of pithy observations about how we behave when we travel abroad.

a pithy advertising slogan

this book is sprinkled with pithy wisdom.



 중과피. 골자, 핵심 a soft dry white substance inside the skin of oranges and some other fruits


 ​the essential or most important part of something

 the pith of her argument (논거의 핵심)




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소소한 일상 이야기. - 전기나 액체, 물 흐름을 통제하는 '거시기'가 탭이다. 꼭지. 


내가 처음 캐나다에서 지인들에게 배운 단어가 수도물, 수도꼭지이다. 햅 탭 워러 have tap water . 서울에 있을 때는 수도물을 직접 마시지 않았다. 그런데 토론토 지인들이 수도물을 마구 마시는 것이었다. 물론 여과기 물통을 사서 먹는 사람들도 있지만.

 

라이언과 페르난도가 탭워러 괜찮다고 벌컥 벌컥 마셔대서 놀랬네. 몇 차례 물어봐도 '괜찮다'고 하니, 괜찮을 줄 알고 나도 따라 마시곤 했다. 지금까지 별 탈이 없는 것을 보니, 수도물이 상대적으로 한국보다 안전하다. 


그래도 여러 나라에 대한 내 비교 의식은 멈출 수는 없다.  



탭 tap (명사) 뜻: 수도물, 수도꼭지, 멀티탭(다자 전선 꼭지 연결), 도청장치, 탭댄스, 언 탭 on tap 즉시 사용가능한 


이미 서울을 비롯해 대부분 뜨거운 물, 찬 물을 한꺼번에 쓰는 '1개 손잡이 one handle 인데, 토론토에 좀 오래된 집에서는 여전히 찬물 꼭지 (the cold tap), 뜨거운 물 꼭지. (the hot tap )를 쓰고 있다.  


그런데 "워터 필터 피쳐 water filter pitcher"가 요새 금방 깨진다. 브리타 상표인데, 최근 만든 플라스틱은 너무 쉽게 금이가고 깨져서, 더이상 구매하지 않기로 했다. 


Tap water 탭워러 . 

Tap: 수도꼭지, (부드럽게) 치다 만지다, 도청 장치, 탭댄스, 

같은 말= 스피것(Spigot)


COUNTABLE an object used for controlling how much water, gas, or liquid comes out from a pipe or container. 


거시기(object), 물건,사물,대상,어떤 것 (물,가스,액체 등이 파이프나 컨테이너에서 나올 때, 얼마나 많이 나와야 하는가, 그 양을 조절하는데 쓰이는 것) 


물의 양을 조절하는 탭(것)을 미국에서는 포싯 Faucet이라고 함.

수도꼭지.


찬물 꼭지 (the cold tap), 뜨거운 물 꼭지. (the hot tap )

The American word for a tap that controls water is faucet

There’s no hot water coming out of the hot tap.


turn a tap off/on (=stop or start the water flowing): Just turn the cold tap on for a few seconds.

물 틀어, 물 잠가.

수도꼭지 틀어, 잠가.


2


COUNTABLE ︎ the action or sound of touching someone or something gently

행동 혹은 소리 (다른 사람이나 사물을 부드럽게 치는, 만지는 ) 


I felt a tap on my shoulder.

누가 내 어깨를 ‘툭’ 부드럽게 만지는 것을 느꼈다.


A few taps with a hammer and it was fixed.

해머로 꽝꽝 몇 대 치니, 문제가 해결되었다. 



3. 도청 장치. 엿듣는 도구,장비.


COUNTABLE electronic equipment used for listening secretly to someone’s telephone conversations


She suspected they’d put a tap on her phone.

그자들이 그 여자의 전화기를 도청하는지를 의심했다.

Put a tap on one’s phone,


4. 탭 댄스 

UNCOUNTABLE INFORMAL

tap dancing

My daughter takes ballet and tap.




Merriam Webster dictionary


noun (2) 

Definition of tap (Entry 3 of 4)


1a: a plug for a hole (as in a cask) : SPIGOT

구멍 마개.


b: a device consisting of a spout and valve attached to the end of a pipe to control the flow of a fluid : FAUCET 

수도꼭지 

2a: a liquor drawn through a tap – 꼭지를 통해 나온 액체 

b: the procedure of removing fluid (as from a body cavity)

액체를 제거하는 과정 


3: WIRETAP – 와이어 탭 

4: a tool for forming an internal screw thread

5: an intermediate point in an electric circuit where a connection may be made

on tap (전기 회로 안에서 중간 지점, 그 중간 지점에서 연결이 시작)


1: ready to be drawn from a large container (such as a cask or keg)

ale on tap

2: broached or furnished with a tap


3: on hand : AVAILABLE

(사용 가능한, 즉시 가용한 자원) 

services instantly on tap

즉시 가능한 서비스


— Hugh Dwan

4: coming up

다음에 곧 올 경기들(매치)


other matches on tap

— H. W. Wind




(3 outlet wall adapter Tap) 


전기나 물, 액체 흐름을 통제해주는 "꼭지"는 탭이다.


An adaptor is a special device for connecting electrical equipment to a power supply, or for connecting different pieces of electrical or electronic equipment together. (연결자, 접속 소켓) 


 2. countable noun. The adaptor of a book or play is the person who rewrites it for a film or a television programme. (책 혹은 연극의 어뎁터) , 개작자, 번안자, 책이나 연극을 텔레비젼이나 영화로 바꿔주는 역할을 하는 자. 







tap 이 동사로 쓰일 때,

 touch gently 부드럽게 치다.
listen to phone calls 도청하다
get substance 특정 장소 혹은 대상으로부터 뭔가를 얻어내다.
get benefit from 어떤 사람 능력 혹은 정보의 공급 등을 이용,활용해서어떤 목적을 달성하기 위해서 그것을 사용하다.
choose for task  ​특정 목적을 수행하기 위해 사람을 고용하다특별임무를 부과하다.

INTRANSITIVE/TRANSITIVE ︎ 부드럽게 치다. 

to touch someone or something gently and to move them slightly, or to make a soft knocking sound


Michael tapped his nose with his forefinger.

He tapped another code into the computer.

Several young men sat tapping away at keyboards (=using computers).


tap at/on/against: We could hear someone tapping at the door.

tap someone on something: I tapped him on the shoulder and he jumped.

Synonyms and related words

-

To touch, or to pick up someone or something

touch

pick up

handle


1a

to touch the screen of a mobile device in order to make something happen

If you have decided to attend a programme, tap this button to add and synchronise the event details.

Tap here to activate plugin.




Adverbs frequently used with tap

▪ firmly, gently, lightly, rapidly, repeatedly, softly



2

TRANSITIVE –도청하다. 


to use electronic equipment to secretly listen to what someone says on the telephone

Synonyms and related words

+

3

TRANSITIVE 

특정 장소 혹은 대상으로부터 뭔가를 얻어내다. 


to get a substance from a particular place or object

The scheme aimed to tap underground water resources.

tapping trees for rubber


Synonyms and related words

+

3a


INFORMAL

누구에게 돈을 타내다. 

to get money from a particular person

tap someone for something: I’ll have to tap Mum for my bus fare.

엄마를 ‘툭툭 쳐서’ 버스 카드를 살 돈을 타내다. 



Synonyms and related words

+

4

tap or tap into – 어떤 사람 능력 혹은 정보의 공급 등을 이용,활용해서, 어떤 목적을 달성하기 위해서 그것을 사용하다. 


TRANSITIVE if you tap something such as someone’s ability or a supply of information, you use it or get some benefit from it


Are you tapping your staff’s full potential?

Several other companies were already tapping this market.


5

AMERICANINFORMAL – 어떤 특정 목적을 수행하기 위해 사람을 고용하다. 특별임무를 부과하다. 


to choose someone for a task, especially membership of an organization or committee


tap someone to do something: The President has tapped a former Justice Department official to lead the FBI.

tap someone for something: I had been tapped for the position of department head just before the opening of the college.




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카니지. carnage 

“Workers have been fighting for health and safety rights for centuries but we know that we won’t stop the carnage in the workplace unless employers come to realize that there will be serious personal consequences if they put workers’ lives in the line of danger,” said OFL President Chris Buckley.

a situation in which there is a lot of death and destructio


a scene of carnage


carnage - the flesh of slain animals or humans a multitude of dogs came to feast on the carnage — T. B. Macaulay 


2: great and usually bloody slaughter or injury (as in battle)

 the carnage of war


도륙 屠戮  사람이나 짐승을 함부로 참혹하게 마구 죽임.



사람을 죽이다. 사람을 잡다.


slay


1. 잔인하게 사람을 죽이다. 무자비하게 사람을 죽이다.

to kill someone in a violent way

He was slain in battle in 673.


2. 웃기게 만들다. - 사람 잡네. 


to impress someone, especially by making them laugh

His jokes really slay me.


Shiver. 소스라치며 떨다.


소스라치다  if you shiver, your body shakes slightly, for example because you are cold or frightened 

We stood shivering in the icy wind. 
shiver with cold/fear/surprise etc: 

She shivered with fear at the thought of seeing him again.



메쏘띨리오마 mesothelioma 가슴 ,흉부, 늑막 조직에서 자라나는 암의 유형 

mesothelioma 

 a usually malignant tumor derived from mesothelial tissue (such as that lining the peritoneum or pleura)

mesothelioma -Mesothelioma is a malignant tumor that is caused by inhaled asbestos fibers and forms in the lining of the lungs, abdomen or heart. 

Symptoms can include shortness of breath and chest pain. The life expectancy for most mesothelioma patients is approximately 12 months after diagnosis.

허파, 위장 복부, 심장 부분에서 암이 자랄 수 있다. 원인은 석면.

숨쉬기 곤란. 가슴 압박 통증. 진단 이후 12개월 생존 가능.






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사람들이 늘 '오토독스 (최초 원리)'을 만들었다가 다시 깨수부고, 또다른 '오토독스'를 계속해서 만들어나간다. 이런 창조와 부정과 재창조의 무한한 과정이 인류 역사이다.


오토독스, 오쏘독스 Orthodox , 단어는 그냥 '사실'을 묘사하는 단어인가, 아니면 시대변화를 반영하지 못한 구태의연하다는 부정적인 뜻인가? 영어 단어 사전적인 의미는 '사실 묘사'에 가깝지만, 사용하는 사람이 부정적인 뜻을 내포하는 단어로도 사용할 수 있겠다. 종교 원리나 원칙, 혹은 어떤 이론이 탄생한 '맨 처음' 원리를 의미하기 때문에, 시대적 변천과 더불어 그 과거 '최초 원리 (Orthodox)'는 지금 현재와 충돌할 수 있고, 또 현재 사람들의 희로애락과 행복관과 갈등을 일으킬 수 있기 때문이다.


영어 사전적 의미는 다음 세 가지이다. 

1) 전통적,관습적인 생각이나 실천.
2) 전통적 종교적 믿음과 실천
3) 정치 이론, 경제 이론 등 여타 이론의 기초, 최초 생각을 믿고 실천하는 

그리고 오토독스 그리스 단어 어원은 '올바른 의견'이다. 그 이후, 종교에서 사람들이 옳다고 수용된 원칙이라고 사용되었다.

유럽과 러시아 쪽에서는 주로 그리스 기독교 정교, 유태교를 의미한다.

대문자 Orthodox 다양한 보수적인 종교 혹은 정치적 집단과 연관된.

그리스 오쏘독스 의례. Greek Orthodox rituals

오쏘독스 주대이즘   Orthodox Judaism



맥밀란 영어 사전

 

1.오쏘독스. 대부분 사람들이 수용하고 있는 것으로, '올바르다' 혹은 '전통과 관습을 따르는 생각, 혹은 실천' 

2. 전통적인 종교적 믿음과 실천(관행)을 수용하고 따르는.

3. 정치,경제 혹은 다른 이론의 '기초, 혹은 최초 생각들'을 믿고 실천하는 



미리엄 웹스터 사전.

1.종교에서, 기존에 이미 확립된 독트린 (원칙,원리)

2. 전통을 따르는, 관습,인습적인

3. 대문자 Orthodox 다양한 보수적인 종교 혹은 정치적 집단과 연관된.

그리스 오쏘독스 의례. Greek Orthodox rituals

오쏘독스 주대이즘   Orthodox Judaism



Orthodoxy (from Greek: ὀρθοδοξία, orthodoxía, 'righteous/correct opinion') is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion. Orthodoxy within Christianity is a spectrum wherein different Churches accept different forms of creeds and councils.



 

1.오쏘독스. 대부분 사람들이 수용하고 있는 것으로, '올바르다' 혹은 '전통과 관습을 따르는 생각, 혹은 실천' 


accepted by most people as the correct or usual idea or practice

orthodox cancer treatment 


2. 전통적인 종교적 믿음과 실천(관행)을 수용하고 따르는.


accepting and obeying traditional religious beliefs and practices

orthodox Judaism 오쏘독스 주대이즘. 전통고수 유태교 


3. 정치,경제 혹은 다른 이론의 '기초, 혹은 최초 생각들'을 믿고 실천하는 


believing and practising the basic or original ideas of a political, economic, or other theory


an orthodox Freudian psychoanalyst



미리엄 웹스터 사전.

1.종교에서, 기존에 이미 확립된 독트린 (원칙,원리)

2. 전통을 따르는, 관습,인습적인

3. 대문자 Orthodox 다양한 보수적인 종교 혹은 정치적 집단과 연관된.

그리스 오쏘독스 의례. Greek Orthodox rituals

오쏘독스 주대이즘   Orthodox Judaism


Definition of orthodox (Entry 1 of 2)


1


a: conforming to established doctrine especially in religion

orthodox principles

the orthodox interpretation

종교에서, 기존에 이미 확립된 독트린 (원칙,원리)


b: CONVENTIONAL

took an orthodox approach to the problem

orthodox medicine

전통을 따르는, 관습,인습적인


2 대문자 Orthodox 다양한 보수적인 종교 혹은 정치적 집단과 연관된.

그리스 오쏘독스 의례.

오쏘독스 주대이즘 

capitalized : of, relating to, or constituting any of various conservative religious or political groups: such as


a: EASTERN ORTHODOX

Greek Orthodox rituals


b: of, relating to, or practicing Orthodox Judaism


The core market for these vinifera wines remains Orthodox Jews who require kosher foods for religious ceremonies.


— Thomas Matthews




참고 자료: 오토독스 기독교 



What Is the Orthodox Faith? 9 Facts about the Orthodox Church

Matthew Boffey | Thu, June 20, 2019 | Articles, Products 


Until 1054, there was simply the Church. No Eastern Orthodox Church, no Roman Catholic Church, no Reformation, and no denominations. There were just two large branches of the same tree: the church in the West and the church in the East.


But in 1054, tension between the two came to a head in what is now known as the Great Schism—a split between the two that has yet to be mended. The result was two broad strands of Christianity: the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.


Here are nine facts about the Eastern Orthodox Church.


1. They split from the West for several reasons

On a basic level (whole books are written on these matters), the divisions between the East and West boiled down to doctrine, culture, and authority.


Though the schism is complex and any simple explanation is bound to miss much of the nuance, some of the primary issues related to:


Language differences (broadly speaking, Eastern churches used a Greek rite and sacred text while the church centered in Rome used a Latin rite and the Latin Vulgate)

The filioque clause, affirmed by the Western church as a part of the creed but denounced by the Council of Constantinople […]1

The use of unleavened bread in the Eucharist by Western churches

Ecclesiastical authority

The issue of ecclesiastical authority underlies and punctuates the specific doctrinal differences. In 553, John IV, Patriarch of Constantinople, adopted the title Ecumenical Patriarch. The pope objected to this title, arguing that it went beyond the authority and position afforded to the see of Constantinople. In 1054, Pope Leo IX sent a delegation led by Cardinal Humbert of Silva Candida, to object to the current Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius’ use of the title Ecumenical Patriarch and to insist (among other things) that he recognize the pope as the head of the Church (caput et mater ecclesiarum). Cerularius refused and in response Humbert excommunicated him. Cerularius in turn excommunicated Humbert and the rest of the papal legates (notably, though, not Leo IX himself).


It is worth noting that though 1054 is generally held to be the formal date of the schism, there were many subsequent events (such as the crusades) that drove the two sides further apart. Though there were further attempts at reunification (such as the Council of Florence), nothing has been successful.


In 1965, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople lifted the mutual excommunications. However, this was largely symbolic and didn’t resolve the original theological differences or the many doctrinal differences that had accumulated in the previous 1,000 years (especially the effects of scholasticism and the enlightenment on western theology).


2. The Orthodox Church affirms the Nicene Creed, but with one exception

The Orthodox Church affirms the Nicene Creed, but slightly different from the Western church. The Orthodox Creed does not include the phrase “and the son” (Latin filioque). With the filioque clause, this section in the creed reads:


I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord, the giver of life,


who proceedeth from the Father ⟨and the Son⟩.


Who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified.


Why was this phrase added, and why did the Eastern church object to it?


In an attempt to counter Arian claims that Christ was different from God the Father, a sixth-century church council in Toledo, Spain, added the word filioque to a creed describing the procession of the Holy Spirit. The creed affirmed that the Holy Spirit was sent by the Father and the Son (John 14:26). The Eastern church objected to this addition, arguing that it exceeded what the Bible said about the procession of the Spirit […].2


3. Orthodox means “straight teaching”

The word Orthodox literally means “straight teaching” or “straight worship,” being derived from two Greek words: orthos, meaning “straight,” and doxa, meaning “teach­ing” or “worship.” As the encroachments of false teaching and division multiplied in early Christian times, threatening to obscure the identity and purity of the Church, the term “Orthodox” quite logically came to be applied to it.




 

 

4. The Orthodox Church doesn’t have a pope

Whereas the head of the Roman Catholic Church, the bishop of Rome (the pope), resides in the Vatican, the Orthodox Church does not necessarily have one primary leader.


If there were one, though, it would be the Ecumenical Patriarch, the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Archbishop of Constantinople. He resides in Istanbul, Turkey, and is considered “primus inter pares (first among equals) among the heads of the several autocephalous churches that make up the Eastern Orthodox Church.”3


The current Ecumenical Patriarch is Bartholomew I of Constantinople.


5. Theosis is a major emphasis of the Orthodox Church

Théosis is becoming like God. It is “is the process of a worshiper becoming free of hamartía (“missing the mark”), being united with God, beginning in this life and later consummated in bodily resurrection. For Orthodox Christians, théōsis (see 2 Pet. 1:4) is salvation.”4


Athanasius, commenting 2 Peter 1:4, says that theosis is “becoming by grace what God is by nature.” In this way theosis is about more than sanctification; it is participating in the life of God and becoming more like him as we do.


6. The Orthodox Church highly values the Church Fathers

There is a strong sense in which the Orthodox Church sees themselves as the living continuation of the ideas of the Church Fathers, like St. John Chrysostom, Basil the Great, and Gregory of Nazianzus, known as “the three holy hierarchs.” St. John Chrysostom’s Easter homily, for example, is read in many Orthodox churches during the holiday.


7. Orthodox Churches are replete with iconography

Whereas Protestant churches are averse to iconography and images of God in worship, the Orthodox Church gives icons a prominent place in its worship.


The Greek Orthodox Church of America explains the presence of icon in their services this way:


An icon is a holy image which is the distinctive art form of the Orthodox Church. An icon may be a painting of wood, on canvas, a mosaic or a fresco. Occupying a very prominent place in Orthodox worship and theology, icons depict Christ Our Lord, Mary the Theotokos, the saints, and angels. They may also portray events from the Scriptures or the history of the Church, such as the Birth of Christ, the Resurrection, or Pentecost


The icon is not simply decorative, inspirational, or educational. Most importantly, it signifies the presence of the person depicted. The icon is like a window linking heaven and earth.5


8. Many Orthodox Churches lack pews or chairs; worshippers stand during the service.

First-time visitors to Orthodox churches are often surprised not to see pews or chairs in the nave. This is because most worshippers in this tradition stand during the service.


Rev. G. S. Debolsky explains that when the prophets saw visions of saints worshipping in heaven, the saints were standing (Isaiah 6:2; 1 Kings 22:19; Daniel 7:10; Apocalypse 7:11). Additionally, the saints in the Old Testament were said to be standing during their worship (2 Chronicles 5:12; 6:2; 20:5, 13; Nehemiah 8:7; 9:4, 5).6


In fact, it is technically forbidden to kneel on Sundays or during the Paschal season.


This tradition is a broader reflection of the Orthodox Church’s commitment to follow the Bible’s prescription for worship as closely as possible.


9. Orthodox priests can be married

The language is intentional here: “be married” versus “marry.” As Wesley Smith writes,


It is a misnomer to say that Orthodox priests can marry. They can be married, and indeed, most Orthodox priests are. But a priest can’t marry while a priest. If he wishes to have a family life, he must get hitched before he is ordained to the diaconate, the penultimate step before becoming a priest.7


In Eastern and Oriental Orthodox, it is the norm for bishops to be celibate.


There is much more to the Orthodox Church than these nine facts, of course. Explore our special Orthodox library packages in Logos, packed to the brim with enriching resources from the Orthodox tradition.


https://bit.ly/2JXoN8O

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the discharge of political functions - 정치적 기능의 수행 (정치적 임무를 완수하는 것)



collocation 컬로케이션



: the act or result of placing or arranging together

the collocation of atoms


specifically : a noticeable arrangement or conjoining of linguistic elements (such as words)


"To save time" and "make the bed" are common collocations.



다른 예시 discharge


collocation 컬로케이션


Adverbs frequently used with discharge


effectively, efficiently, faithfully, properly, satisfactorily


Probation officers say they lack the resources to be able to properly discharge their duties.


Nouns frequently used as the object of discharge


duty, function, obligation, responsibility


Members of staff must discharge their responsibilities in accordance with the law.




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honorable discharge, conditional dischargeㅡ 


discharge 뜻 : 

떠나보내다. 
해고하다. 
액체를 흘려보내다. 
짐을 풀다. 
의무-채무를 수행하다. 
총을 쏘다.
 전기를 흘려보내다.


 

아너러블 디스차지 honorable discharge

군대 임무 수행을 다 마치고 군대를 제대할 때, 명예로운 제대


if you leave the army with an honorable discharge, your behavior and work is very good or acceptable



He received an honorable discharge from the army.



2. conditional discharge 조건부로 '처벌' 면제되는 경우, 피고가 규칙을 준수한다는 조건 하에.


a judgment given by a court of law in which someone who has committed a crime will not be punished if they obey particular conditions and rules



사전 뜻


discharge

 (Entry 1 of 2)

transitive verb

1to relieve of a charge, load, or burden:
부담, 짐, 부과를 덜어주다

aUNLOADdischarge a cargo ship
짐을 풀다, 하역하다. 
bto release from an obligation
의무로부터 해방시키다. 의무를 변제해주다
will be discharged from further payment
celectrical engineering to release electrical energy from (something, such as a battery or capacitor) by a discharge (see DISCHARGE entry 2 sense 9b)
배터리로부터 전기 에너지를 방출하다. 
discharging electricity from a battery
2ato let or put off  discharge passengers승객을 내려주다
discharge cargo
bSHOOT
쏘다. 
discharge an arrow화살을 쏘다. 화살이 떠나가게 하다
cto release from confinement, custody, or care
구속, 감금 혹은 보호로부터 풀어주다
discharge a prisoner죄인,수인을 풀어주다
discharge a patient환자를 퇴원시키다.
dto give outlet or vent to EMIT
방출시키다. 내 보내다. 안에서 바깥으로 분출시키다.
discharge emotions감정을 표출하다.
vehicles discharging exhaust fumes차량이 배기가스 (다 연소된 연기)를 내품다. 
3a(1)to dismiss from employment 
해고시키다. 일터에서 내보내다.

had to discharge several employees last month지난 달 고용된 노동자 몇 명을 해고시켜야했다.
(2)to release from service or duty
서비스 혹은 의무로부터 풀어주다, 변제해주다

discharge a soldier군인을 제대시키다.
was discharged from the Navy해군 제대
bto get rid of (something, such as a debt or obligation) by performing an appropriate action (such as payment)
빌린 돈을 갚음으로서 빚 혹은 의무를 청산하다.
failing to discharge their debts
claw to set aside or dismiss ANNUL
법: 폐지하다. 어기다. 기각하다. 묵살하다 
discharge a court order - 법원 명령을 묵살하다. 
dto order (a legislative committee) to end consideration of a bill (see BILL entry 4 sense 6) in order to bring it before the house (see HOUSE entry 1 sense 6a) for action

4to bear and distribute (something, such as the weight of a wall above an opening)
5to bleach out or remove (color or dye) in dyeing and printing textiles
6to cancel the record of the loan of (a library book) upon return


intransitive verb

1ato throw off or deliver a load, charge, or burden
bto release electrical energy by a discharge (see DISCHARGE entry 2 sense 9b)ensure that the electricity discharges safely
2aGO OFFFIRE used of a gunHis weapon discharged.
bSPREADRUNsome dyes discharge
cto pour forth fluid or other contents
액체를  혹은 다른 내용물을 내뿜다,
where the river discharges into the ocean

강물이 바다로 흘러가는 곳.



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jtbc 뉴스룸, 안나경 앵커가 보도하면서, 폴란드에서 자동차 경주 관람객 제한 보도를 하면서,  '포클레인'을 이용해 관람석을 만들었다, 이렇게 보도했다.


그런데 포클레인은 영어 단어가 아니라, 중장비 굴삭기 굴착기를 제조하는 회사 이름이다. 미원, 미풍처럼 '조미료'의 한 상품명칭과 같은 것이 '포크레인' 혹은 '포클레인'이다.


영어 단어는 excavate 동사에서 온 excavator 엑스커베이터이고,

한국말 단어로는 굴삭기, 굴착기라고 해야 한다. 


포클레인 관중석은 '굴삭기 혹은 굴착기 관중석' 으로, '엑스커베이터 관중석'으로 써야 한다.





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  1. 잘 보고 갑니다~~

    2020.08.21 14:01 [ ADDR : EDIT/ DEL : REPLY ]

sold on something  - (어떤 것이 매우 좋다고 믿다: '어떤 것에 팔려가다' ) 어떤 것에 정신을 팔다. 



believing that something is very good

I’m not completely sold on that idea.


연관어: 셀아웃:  더 성공하고, 더 대중적으로 되기 위해 (특히 음악가) 예술적 정직성, 솔직함, 일관성을 희생시키는 사람: 셀 아웃.


sell out

Anyone who sacrifices artistic integrity in an effort to become more successful or popular (generally in music); someone who forgets their roots.

It's the American dream to be a sellout.

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pleonasm 플리어나즘:

불필요한 언어 사용법, 어떤 의미를 지시하는데 필요한 단어들보다 더 많은 단어를 사용하는 것을 말함. 

중복사용.

noun PLEE-uh-naz-um



Definition
1 : the use of more words than those necessary to denote mere sense (as in the man he said) : redundancy

2 : an instance or example of pleonasm


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