한국정치/북한_DPRK2019. 4. 25. 15:46



(1) 김정은-푸틴 정상회담 주제: 전략적 지역정세 공통 관리와 전통적 우호관계 계승하자 


김정은은 왜 러시아 푸틴과 정상회담을 하는가 ? 하노이 북미회담에서 미국의 '빅 딜' 노선 때문에 북한의 '단계적 협상론'이 관철되지 않자, 북한은 전통적인 우방인 러시아와 중국을 끌어들여, 미국의  '빅 딜' 노선을 누그러뜨리기 위함이다. 반면 러시아 푸틴은 소련 해체 이후 한반도에서 상대적으로 약화된 러시아의 영향력을 다시 복원시키고, 북한 중국 한국과의 경제협력 (러시아 천연가스 수출 등)을 강화시키기 위해, 김정은과의 회담을 하고 있다.


(2) 2018년이 북한과 러시아의 수교 70년이 되던 해였다. 1948년 조-러 수교.

시진핑과 김정은 정상회담에서도 확인되었지만, 러시아 푸틴 대통령도 김정은의 아버지 김정일을 언급했다. 


김정은 직위 이름: the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission




Putin and Kim Jong-un hold summit in Russia's Vladivostok


Russian Politics & Diplomacy April 25, 6:00 UTC+3


This is the first meeting between Russian and North Korean leaders


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Putin and Kim Jong-un hold summit in Russia's Vladivostok

Russian Politics & Diplomacy April 25, 6:00 UTC+3

This is the first meeting between Russian and North Korean leaders

Share

 

© Valery Sharufulin/TASS

 


The leaders are discussing peaceful resolution of the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula, ensuring security in Northeast Asia as a whole and the state of the bilateral relations


09:32:29

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un hopes that his dialogue with Russian President Vladimir Putin that started as constructive will continue to be so.


"We just shared our positions with you, Mr President, in a face-to-face conversation on issues of mutual interest on all major problems. I thank you for the splendid time and I hope that our negotiations will continue in the same way, as fruitful and constructive," the North Korean leader said.


09:16:56

Putin called the conversation with Kim Jong-un thorough. "We just had a thorough face-to-face conversation," the Russian leader said.


"We talked about the history of our insterstate relations, the current situation and the prospects for the development of our bilateral ties," the Russian president noted. "We discussed the situation on the Korean Peninsula and shared our positions on the measures to be taken for the situation to have good prospects for improvement," Putin stressed.


09:13:44

Putin and Kim Jong-un had a face-to-face meeting, which lasted about two hours. It is twice as long as the 50 minutes stipulated for this part of the meeting by the protocol.


The conversation was held behind closed doors in a room in facility S of the Far Eastern Federal University. The delegation members did not take part in the conversation, with just interpreters following the leaders.


08:10:48

Putin said he was "very pleased" to see Kim Jong-un in Russia, adding that diplomats from the two nations have started to negotiate on it long ago.


He congratulated his North Korean counterpart on being re-elected as the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission. He also noted that last year, the two states marked the 70th anniversary of establishing diplomatic relations.


"I remember my visit to your country. Your father was one of the authors of the basic treaty - the Treaty on friendship between our nations," Putin said.


 



© Valery Sharifulin/TASS


07:25:33

Kim Jong-un expressed hope that his meeting with Vladimir Putin will contribute to the development of bilateral relations and settlement on the Korean Peninsula.


Opening the meeting, Kim Jong-un thanked his Russian counterpart for organizing the talks and for Putin’s readiness to find the time for the meeting in his hectic schedule. He also thanked Putin for his 2018 re-election as the Russian president, after which he would continue his "successful work to build a strong Russia."


07:23:22

Vladimir Putin expressed confidence that the visit of the North Korean leader will help resolve the situation on the Korean Peninsula. Moscow welcomes efforts to normalize relations with South Korea and the United States, the Russian president noted.


07:11:23

The venue of the summit:  



© Valery Sharifulin/TASS


06:26:54

The main topics on the summit agenda are the peaceful resolution of the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula and ensuring security in Northeast Asia as a whole. The leaders are also going to discuss the state of the bilateral relations, including political, economic, cultural and humanitarian ties. No documents or joint statements are planned for signing.


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06:12:25

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, who arrived to Russia on Wednesday, was "kindly greeted" on the Russian territory, North Korea’s KCNA news agency said on Thursday.


"He was kindly greeted at Khasan Railway Station by Alexandr Kozlov, minister of Development of the Far East and Arctic of Russia, and other senior officials who came to the railway station from the capital and local areas to greet him," the agency said. "Kim Jong-un expressed thanks for it and had an amicable talk with them."


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North Korean leader Kim Jong-un

Russian borscht, pelmeni and red caviar to be served for Kim Jong-un in Vladivostok

According to the agency, "Putin dispatched them [Russian officials] to the border railway station with particular attention given to his [Kim Jong-un’s] current visit."


After the North Korean leader’s private train arrived in Vladivostok, "the chief of the guard of honor of the three services of the armed forces of the Russian Federation made a welcome report" and the national anthems of the two countries were played.


When the greeting ceremony was over, "the Supreme Leader exchanged greetings with senior officials of the capital and local areas and headed for the lodging place."


North Korean Chairman Kim Jong-un’s armored train arrived in Vladivostok at around 11:00 Moscow time. After a short official ceremony Kim’s limousine left the Vladivostok railway station and headed to Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) located on the Russky Island, where the Russian President Vladimir Putin and the North Korean leader will hold a summit meeting later on Thursday.


06:01:50

Russian President Vladimir Putin on Thursday arrived to the Far Eastern Russian city of Vladivostok for talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.


The Russian president travelled to Vladivostok from Chita, where he attended a meeting on tackling wildfires in the region. After the talks with Kim, Putin will travel to Beijing to take part in the One Belt One Road international forum.


READ ALSO

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un

Kim Jong-un says he is happy to visit Russia

Kim arrived to Vladivostok by train on Wednesday on an invitation from the Russian leader. The summit between Vladimir Putin and Kim Jong-un will be their first meeting in person. The previous Russian-North Korean summit was held on August 24, between then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and Kim Jong-un’s father, Kim Jong-il.


Moreover, Russia is the first foreign country that the North Korean leader has visited after the national Supreme People's Assembly re-elected Kim Jong-un as the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission in early April.


According to earlier reports, the talks will begin after 13:00 local time (6:00 Moscow time). After the official ceremony, the leaders will have a one-on-one meeting, followed by talks in an expanded format.




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http://tass.com/politics/1055559

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한국정치/북한_DPRK2018. 5. 14. 20:32

612 트럼프 김정은 회담은 북한과 미국이 협상을 성공시키기 위해 진정한 역사적 조치들을 취할 것이다.  a truly Historical measures

강경파로 알려진 마이크 폼페오 미 국무장관이 김정은 국무위원장과 대화 이후 더 진지하게 북미 회담을 꼭 성공시켜야 한다고 생각하는 것같다. 미국 민주당-공화당 주류 전통적 외교방식을 깨버린 트럼프 행정부가 북한과의 회담을 성공시켜 트럼프 집권을 안정화시키려고 무진장 애를 쓰고 있다는 인상을 받았다. 


아래 5월 13일 미국 상업방송 채널 폭스 뉴스와 대담 요지이다.


1. 김정은과 대화하고 나서 받은 김정은 인상 비평은, “아마도 이 뉴스도 김정은이 볼 것이고, 지금 우리가 다루고 있는 복잡한 주제들에 대해서도 잘 알고 있다.” 김정은은 북한 사람들을 위해 무슨 목적을 달성해야 하는가를 잘 알고 있었다. 그의 대화도 전문가다웠다. 


2. 북한 비핵화되면 미국 민간(사기업) 자본 투자자들이 북한 에너지 산업 건설에 참여하겠다.


3. 북한과 미국과의 협상은 하나 주면 하나 받고 이런 식이 아니라, 미국과 북한이 과거에 전혀 실천해보지 않은 “크고 특별한” 협상과 거래가 될 것이다.


4. 마이크 폼페이 전임 CIA 부장 John Brennan 존 브레넌이 “김정은이 사람을 잘 속이는데, 트럼프도 김정은에게 속고 있는 것이다”라고 한 말은 말도 안되는 바보 같은 이야기이다.


5. 김정은과 트럼프는 이번 6.12 싱가포르 회담을 꼭 성공시키려고 노력해오고 있고, 그럴 것 같다.


6.

존 볼턴(John Bolton)은 북한 핵무기 프로그램을 미국 테네시 오크브릿지로 다 싣고 와야 한다고 말했는데, 이 문제는 6.12 회담에서 트럼프와 김정은이 구체적으로 협의할 것이고, 아직 정해진 바는 없다.


1.

Secretary Mike Pompeo previews upcoming Trump-Kim summit-


 http://www.foxnews.com/transcript/2018/05/13/secretary-mike-pompeo-previews-upcoming-trump-kim-summit.html


Secretary Mike Pompeo previews upcoming Trump-Kim summit

'Fox News Sunday' exclusive: Secretary of state on the release of three American detainees from North Korea and President Trump's strategy for Iran.


This is a rush transcript from "Fox News Sunday," May 13, 2018. This copy may not be in its final form and may be updated.


CHRIS WALLACE, HOST: I'm Chris Wallace.


North Korea announces it will blow up its nuclear test site as a gesture of goodwill leading up to the landmark summit with president Trump.


(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)


DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: You know what gets you into nuclear wars? Weakness. Weakness.


MIKE POMPEO, SECRETARY OF STATE: If Chairman Kim chooses the right path, there is a future brimming with peace and prosperity.


WALLACE: We'll preview next month's summit and discussed the president's decision to pull out of the Iran nuclear deal with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in his first interview since returning from North Korea.


Then as the high-risk, high reward summit approaches, what happens if the two leaders can't make a deal? We'll ask retired Admiral Mike Mullen, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It's a "Fox News Sunday" exclusive.


Plus, tensions spike in the Middle East as Iran and Israel faced off across the Syrian border. We'll ask our Sunday panel, will this trigger a wider war?


And our "Power Player of the Week," the changing role of the USO as the military's home away from home.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We will no longer working with young men who were being drafted into the military. All of a sudden, we have families.


WALLACE: All right now on "Fox News Sunday."


(END VIDEOTAPE)


WALLACE: Hello again and happy Mother's Day from Fox News in Washington.


North Korea has scheduled what it calls a dismantling ceremony of its nuclear test site ahead of President Trump and Kim Jong-un's Singapore summit. That's now less than one month away. A plan to negotiate a nuclear deal with North Korea comes as the president pulls out of an agreement with Iran and Mr. Trump says he wants to signal the kind of hard bargain he'll demand from Kim.


In a few minutes, we'll discuss this moment, what happens next with Iran and growing tensions in the Mideast with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in his first interview since he returned from North Korea this week.


But, first, to Kevin Corke at the White House with the impact of dramatically changing U.S. policy around the world -- Kevin.


KEVIN CORKE, FOX NEWS CORRESPONDENT: Chris, senior White House officials characterize the president's recent foreign policy decisions, each by the way with major global implications, in four simple words: promises made, promises kept.


But a more nuanced assessment might be even simpler: America First. That's because whether it's North Korea, Iran, Syria, even Israel, what you have no is a clear departure not just from the previous administration's approach, but from Washington orthodoxy. In each case, for example in North Korea, you also have a policy of engagement based (ph) in subtle aggression but also tempered by the promise of cooperation.


(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)


POMPEO: America's track record of support for the Korean people is second-to-none. If North Korea takes bold action to quickly denuclearize, the United States is prepared to work with North Korea to achieve prosperity on par with our South Korean friends.


(END VIDEO CLIP)


CORKE: In the Middle East, the administration's rejection of Washington orthodoxy also on display as Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump represent the country as the U.S. embassy moves from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, a move seen as a symbolic and a diplomatic stake in the ground and full throated support of the Israelis, and against the growing influence of Tehran in the region, which was further disrupted by the president's decision to break the terms of the Iran nuclear agreement this week.


There is talk, Chris, that decision by the president emboldened the Iranians to attack the Israelis. As you know, the Israelis struck back, hitting Iranian targets in Syria. It is also certain they have tacit support in Washington to do so -- Chris.


WALLACE: Kevin Corke reporting from the White House -- Kevin, thanks for that.


And joining us now, the new and very busy Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.


Mr. Secretary, welcome back to "Fox News Sunday."


POMPEO: Good morning, Chris. It's great to be with you.


WALLACE: Let's start with breaking news. First of all, that savage attack last night in Paris, a Chechen knifing, killing one person, wounding four others. What can you tell us about a possible link to terror?


POMPEO: We don't know much more. We know that the caliphate ISIS has claimed responsibility that he was one of their soldiers. We can't verify that yet. The French authorities with all the intelligence help the United States can provide will do our best to unpack this in the coming hours.


WALLACE: OK. Let's talk about some other breaking news. The North Koreans announced yesterday that they are going to blow up their nuclear site in 10-12 days. How big a development is this and is that, we believe, their only nuclear test site?


POMPEO: Chris, it's good news. Every single site that the North Koreans have that can inflict risk upon the American people that is destroyed, eliminated, dismantled is good news for the American people and for the world. And so, this is one step along the way. I had a good set of meetings this past week aimed at heading exactly this direction.


WALLACE: I want to go back to the comment and Kevin just played it. Your comment on Friday that if Jim chooses the, quote, right path, the U.S. is prepared to work with North Korea to, quote, achieve prosperity.


What does that mean as far as direct U.S. investment in North Korea and are we as part of this willing in effect to guarantee Kim's security? That regime change will be off the table?


POMPEO: Chris, here's what this will look like. This will be Americans coming in -- private-sector Americans, not the U.S. taxpayer, private-sector Americans helping build the energy grid. They need enormous amounts of electricity in North Korea, to work with them to develop infrastructure. All the things that the North Korean people need, the capacity for American agriculture to support North Korea so they can eat meat and have healthy lives.


Those are the kinds of things that if we get what it is the president has demanded, the complete, verifiable, irreversible denuclearization of North Korea that the American people will offer in spades.


WALLACE: And as part of that are we in effect saying to Kim, if you give us what we want, you can stay on and power?


POMPEO: We will have to provide security assurances to be sure. This has been the trade-off that has been pending for 25 years. No president has ever put America in a position where the North Korean leadership thought that this was truly possible that the Americans would actually do this, would lead to the place where America was no longer held at risk by the North Korean regime. That's the objectives.


When I said earlier this week that I think Chairman Kim shares the objectives with the American people, I'm convinced of that. Now, the task is for President Trump and he to meet to validate the process by which this would go forward, to set up those markers so that we can negotiate this outcome.


WALLACE: Do you have any problem -- given Kim's history and the history of his family as an oppressive regime, any problems with the idea of the U.S. -- even if we get our deal -- in effect giving the security guarantee to the Kim regime?


POMPEO: Look, we'll have to see how the negotiations proceed. But make no mistake about it: America's interest here is preventing the risk that North Korea will launch a nuclear weapon into L.A. or Denver or to the very place we are sitting here this morning, Chris. That's our objective, that's the instate the president has laid out, and that's the mission that he sent me on this past week -- to put us on the trajectory to go achieve that.


WALLACE: Let's talk about denuclearization, the objective. Two weeks ago, national security advisor John Bolton sat in this very seat and he told me that the U.S. negotiating position going in is that Kim has to ship out, has to dismantle and take out of the country all of his nuclear weapons, all of his nuclear infrastructure, all of his long-range missiles before the U.S. will grant any concessions.


On the other hand this week, Kim met with Chinese President Xi and he called for, quote, "phased and synchronous measures". In other words, action for action. Have you and Kim agreed with the sequencing is? Is it all of actions by him first or is it step-by-step and is that something, as I said, that you've agreed with, or is it something that Kim and the president will have to work out at the summit?


POMPEO: Chris, we've had discussions on how this would proceed. There's still a great deal of detail to be worked on. In the coming weeks, we will continue to work on that so we can be in a good spot on June 12th in Singapore for President Trump.


But make no mistake about it: we've done this before, right? We've done trade for trade, moment for a moment. You give me X, I give you Y, and it has failed repeatedly.


I think Chairman Kim understands that. I think he appreciates the fact that this is going to have to be different and big and special, and something that has never been undertaken before. If we are going to get to this historic outcome, both sides have to be prepared to take a truly (Historical) measures to achieve it.


WALLACE: And how confident are you? Because you're going to be putting the president of the United States in a room with Kim in Singapore with the whole world watching. How confident are you that not only he understands it, but that he's going to have to -- that he's going to deliver on our expectations?


POMPEO: Well, to quote President Trump, we'll see, right? We are not to the place yet, but we should be remotely close to declaring that we've achieved what it is we want. There's a great deal of work that remains. Our eyes are wide open with respect to the risks, but it is -- it is our fervent hope that Chairman Kim wants to make a strategic change, a strategic change in the direction for his country and his people. And if he's prepared to do that, President Trump is prepared to assure that there's going to be a successful transition.


WALLACE: All right. I want to talk about that. You said that we understand and John Bolton talked about that nobody in the administration is starry eyed. The president has been raising expectations for this summit, saying he thinks that they're going to make a great deal, now his phrase. Your predecessor at the CIA, John Brennan, says he thinks that's playing into Kim's hands.


Take a look.


(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)


DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: I think we're going to have a success. I think this will be a very big success.


JOHN BRENNAN, FORMER CIA DIRECTOR: I think he has been masterful in how he has manipulated perceptions and how he's manipulated and quite frankly duped Mr. Trump.


(END VIDEO CLIP)


WALLACE: Is it a mistake for the president to predict a, quote, great success?


MIKE POMPEO, SECRETARY OF STATE: I think former Director Brennan's remarks are silly on their face.


We are going to enter into a set of discussions with two nations doing their best to achieve outcomes for their own people that are consistent with their objectives and goals. I think we now understand that there is the potential that there are shared objectives and our mission is to prepare the groundwork. We are pretty far along the way in doing so and we'll continue to work in the days ahead, 30 left to prepare for June 12th.


So, the president can have a successful outcome that the two of them can meet and see if there is sufficient overlap so that we can achieve the ultimate objective for the American people.


WALLACE: After you brought the American hostages home and the whole world celebrated that, President Trump praised Kim for releasing them in that praise, not the release of the hostages, but that praise upset some critics. Take a look at this.


(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)


TRUMP: Kim Jong-un did a great service to himself, to his country by doing this.


SEN. CHUCK SCHUMER, D-NY, SENATE MINORITY LEADER: We can't be fooled into giving the North Korean regime credit for returning Americans that never should have been detained in the first place.


(END VIDEO CLIP)


WALLACE: According to your State Department's latest report, North Korea still holds at least 80,000 political prisoners in its labor camps and other facilities. Is human rights an issue in this summit, or is this just going to be about the nuclear issue?


POMPEO: Yes, Chris, the administration is always concerned about human rights. It's the case not only there are political prisoners that remained in North Korea, there are Americans held around the world by other rogue regimes too. I can assure you, this administration -- I saw it in my role as director of the CIA and I've seen it now in first two and a half weeks as secretary of state -- is intently focused on achieving the return of each of those as well.


We had a success this week. We are happy for those families and for America that those three Americans returned home. But we recognize there is much more work to do. We still have Americans held and we are working diligently on behalf of each and every one of them.


WALLACE: When I -- people found out that you were going to be on the program today, they all of question I must say I did, what is Kim like? With the possible exception of Dennis Rodman, you had spent more time with him than any other Westerner, at least two and a half hours, the way I figure it.


What is he like? Give us any kind of personal insight. How aware is he of what President Trump has been saying? Was there any mention of little rocket man?


POMPEO: Well, I've got a lot fewer rebounds than Dennis Rodman, but I did get to spend a great deal of time with Chairman Kim. The conversations are professional. He knows -- he knows his brief, he knows what he is trying to achieve for the North Korean people. He is able to deal with complexity when the conversation requires it.


He does follow the Western press. He will probably watch the show at some point. He's paying attention to things the world is saying. He too is preparing for June 12th.


He and his team, we'll be working with them to put our two leaders in a position where it's just possible we might pull off an historic undertaking.


WALLACE: Was there any mention of the exchange of insults back and forth?


POMPEO: No, we didn't cover that, Chris.


WALLACE: That's probably wise.




2.



Pompeo signals Trump seeking long-term agreement with North Korea's Kim, in summit

Joseph Weber By Joseph Weber | Fox News-

 

Pompeo details North Korea summit plans

Secretary of State Pompeo meets with South Korea's foreign minister ahead of June 12 summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore; national security correspondent Jennifer Griffin reports.


Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Sunday that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s vow to destroy his country’s nuclear-testing site is “a good first step” toward a summit agreement between Kim and President Trump, but repeated that both sides will have to take unprecedented steps.


“Kim understands this will have to be big and special,” Pompeo told “Fox News Sunday.” “I think Kim appreciates the fact this is going to have to be different. . . . If we can achieve an historic outcome, both sides have to come to play.”


However, he suggested that a phased-in or action-by-action type of negotiation between the leaders, as Kim has suggested, has historically failed.


“We’ve seen this before, and it’s failed,” Pompeo said.


Pompeo spoke after traveling last week to North Korea to negotiate with Kim on his final detail of the summit with Trump and to secure the release of three Americans imprisoned in the country.


Trump announced Thursday that the summit will be held June 12 in Singapore.


The president will trying to get Kim to give up his nuclear arsenal in exchange for economic support.


Pompeo also suggested Sunday, in his first interview since returning from North Korea, that the United States seeks a long-term agreement with Kim, not a so-called “regime change to replace him.


“Our hope is that Kim wants a strategic change, and President Trump is prepared to help,” the secretary said.


Pompeo also provided some specifics about how the U.S. might help North Korea, saying it would be through private-sector investment, not taxpayer money, and that it would focus on improving the country’s power grid and improve the Koreans’ food supply


Pompeo said last week that he told Kim while in Pyongyang that the United States aspires to have North Korea as a "close partner," not an enemy.


Pompeo, a Harvard Law graduate and former Kansas congressman, was Trump’s CIA director until the president nominated him in March to be secretary of state. The Senate last month confirmed Pompeo to the post as the country’s top diplomat.  


On Tuesday, Trump said the United States was withdrawing from the international Iran nuclear deal, brokered in 2015 by the Obama administration. The U.S. will now re-impose sanctions on Iran, which remains in the deal with five other nations.


Pompeo has said talks last week with Kim were "warm," ''constructive" and "good" and that he made clear that if North Korea gets rid of its nuclear weapons in a permanent and verifiable way, the U.S. is willing to help the impoverished nation boost its economy and living stands to levels like those in prosperous South Korea.


"If North Korea takes bold action to quickly denuclearize, the United States is prepared to work with North Korea to achieve prosperity on the par with our South Korean friends," he said.


Pompeo repeated that position Sunday.


Since Trump announced plans to hold a summit with Kim, questions have been raised continually about whether the two leaders have the same objective in mind when they speak about "denuclearization." To the U.S., that means the North giving up the nuclear weapons it has already built. But North Korea has said it's willing to talk now because it's already succeeded in becoming a nuclear-armed state, fueling skepticism that the North would truly be willing to give up those weapons.


Pompeo said there would need to be "complete" and "verifiable" denuclearization that would remove North Korea as a threat to the rest of the world. He said a major inspection and monitoring regime would be required to ensure the North's compliance.


The Associated Press contributed to this report.

http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/05/13/pompeo-signals-trump-seeking-long-term-agreement-with-north-koreas-kim-in-summit.html


자료 : 북측 DPRK 신문기사



Kim Jong Un Meets U.S. Secretary of State

 

Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Kim Jong Un, chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea and chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Wednesday met Mike Pompeo, secretary of State of the United States of America who is on a visit to the DPRK.


The respected Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un warmly greeted Mike Pompeo and sincerely congratulated him on his recent official assumption as secretary of State.


He welcomed the U.S. state secretary's visit to the DPRK and had a photo session with him.


Mike Pompeo expressed thanks to Kim Jong Un for sparing time to meet him, saying that he came to the DPRK to personally convey the verbal message of the U.S. president and prepare the DPRK-U.S. summit.


Then he conveyed Kim Jong Un the verbal message of Donald Trump, president of the U.S.A.


After hearing the verbal message, Kim Jong Un expressed thanks, highly appreciating that the U.S. president has shown deep interest in settling the issue through dialogue.


He exchanged with Mike Pompeo the appraisal and view on the acute situation of the Korean peninsula, which is now a pressing matter of the whole world's concern, and the stance and opinions of the supreme leaderships of the DPRK and the U.S. on their summit.


He said that the coming DPRK-U.S. summit would be a historic meeting for the excellent first step toward promotion of the positive situation development in the Korean peninsula and building of a good future.


At the meeting, an in-depth discussion was made on the practical matters for holding the DPRK-U.S. summit and its procedure and ways.


Kim Jong Un reached a satisfactory consensus on the issues discussed with the U.S. state secretary.


He accepted an official suggestion of the U.S. president for the release of Americans who have been detained in the DPRK for their anti-DPRK hostilities, and gave an order of the chairman of the DPRK State Affairs Commission on granting amnesty to them for their repatriation.


He gave a high appreciation of the talks with Mike Pompeo that produced satisfactory results.


Mike Pompeo expressed thanks to Kim Jong Un, saying that they are heartily grateful to him for the cordial hospitality accorded to them during their visit to Pyongyang and for the very beneficial talks which reached a full agreement. And he showed his resolution and will to strive for the successful DPRK-U.S. summit as the U.S. secretary of State.


The respected Supreme Leader exchanged parting words with Mike Pompeo and saw him off, promising to meet again. -0-


        (2018.05.10)

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한국정치/북한_DPRK2018. 5. 13. 13:01

문재인 대통령과 김정은 국무위원장은 풍계리 핵시험장 폐기를 취재할 국제기자단에 일본 언론인들도 초청하는 것을 재검토해야 한다. 그 이유는 일본에는 45만 한국계 (민단) 재일동포와 3~4만 북한(총련)계 재일동포가 살고 있기 때문에, 냉전체제 해체와 동북아 평화체제 형성과정에서, 일본을 배제하지 말고 이 과정에 참여시켜야 한다. 


일본에 거주하고 있는 남북한 재일동포 50만이 일본 시민권과 영주권을 자유로이 획득하고 일본인들과 동등한 정치 권리를 갖게 만들어야 한다. 북일수교도 역시 북미수교만큼 중요한 현안으로 곧 떠오를 것이기 때문에, 지금부터 일본과 두 코리아 사이의 모든 정치적 문화적 역사적 갈등들을 해결할 준비를 해야 한다.

  


자료 1. 북한 출처: DPRK 외무성:


조선로동당 중앙위원회 제7기 제3차전원회의 결정에 따라 핵무기연구소를 비롯한 해당 기관들에서는 핵시험중지를 투명성있게 담보하기 위하여 공화국 북부핵시험장을 폐기하기 위한 실무적대책을 세우고있다.


핵시험장을 페기하는 의식은 5월 23일부터 25일사이에 일기조건을 고려하면서 진행하는것으로 예정되여있다.

핵시험장페기는 핵시험장의 모든 갱도들을 폭발의 방법으로 붕락시키고 입구들을 완전히 페쇄한 다음 지상에 있는 모든 관측설비들과 연구소들,경비구분대들의 구조물들을 철거하는 순차적인 방식으로 진행된다.


핵시험장페기와 동시에 경비인원들과 연구사들을 철수시키며 핵시험장주변을 완전페쇄하게 된다.

이와 관련하여 조선민주주의인민공화국 외무성은 위임에 따라 다음과 같은 결정사항들을 공보한다.


첫째,당중앙위원회 제7기 제3차전원회의 결정에 따라 진행되는 북부핵시험장페기를 투명성있게 보여주기 위하여 국내언론기관들은 물론 국제기자단의 현지취재활동을 허용할 용의가 있다.

핵시험장이 협소한 점을 고려하여 국제기자단을 중국,로씨야,미국,영국,남조선에서 오는 기자들로 한정시킨다.


둘째,국제기자단 성원들의 방문 및 취재활동과 관련하여 다음과 같은 실무적조치들을 취하게 된다.


1)모든 국제기자단 성원들이 베이징-원산항로를 리용할수 있도록 전용기를 보장하며 령공개방 등 필요한 조치들을 취하게 된다.

2)국제기자단 성원들을 위하여 원산에 특별히 준비된 숙소를 보장하며 기자쎈터를 설치하여 리용하도록 한다.

3)원산으로부터 북부핵시험장까지 국제기자단 성원들을 위한 특별전용렬차를 편성한다.

4)핵시험장이 인적이 드문 깊은 산골짜기에 위치한 점을 고려하여 국제기자단 성원들이 특별전용렬차에서 숙식하도록 하며 해당한 편의를 제공한다.

5)국제기자단 성원들이 핵시험장폐기 상황을 현지에서 취재촬영한 다음 기자쎈터에서 통신할수 있도록 필요한 조건을 보장하고 협조한다.


조선민주주의인민공화국은 앞으로도 조선반도와 세계의 평화와 안정을 수호하기 위하여 주변국들과 국제사회와의 긴밀한 련계와 대화를 적극화해나갈것이다.


주체107(2018)년 5월 12일

평 양(끝)


참고자료 2. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44094740




North Korea says it will begin dismantling its nuclear test site in less than two weeks in a ceremony attended by foreign journalists.

Pyongyang said it was taking "technical measures" to carry out the process between 23-25 May, North Korean state news agency KCNA reported on Saturday.


Scientists previously said the site may have partially collapsed in September.


The move is due to take place three weeks before US President Donald Trump meets North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.


In April, South Korean officials said Mr Kim had stated he "would carry out the closing of the nuclear test site in May", adding that nuclear experts from South Korea and the US would be invited to watch.


Their comments came after talks between Mr Kim and South Korea's President Moon Jae-in.

However there was no mention of allowing foreign experts access to the site in Saturday's statement from North Korea.

What will the pledged ceremony include?


The dismantling of the Punggye-ri site, the exact date of which will depend on weather conditions, will involve the collapsing of all tunnels using explosives and the removal of all observation facilities, research buildings and security posts.


Journalists from South Korea, China, the US, the UK and Russia will be asked to attend to witness the event.


North Korea said the intention was to allow "not only the local press but also journalists of other countries to conduct on-the-spot coverage in order to show in a transparent manner the dismantlement of the northern nuclear test ground".


The reason officials gave for limiting the number of countries invited to send journalists was due to the "small space of the test ground... located in the uninhabited deep mountain area".


What do we know about the test site?


Situated in mountainous terrain in the north-east, the Punggye-ri site is thought to be the North's main nuclear facility.

Nuclear tests have taken place in a system of tunnels dug below Mount Mantap, near the Punggye-ri site.

Six nuclear tests have been carried out there since 2006.


After the most recent test, which took place in September 2017, a series of aftershocks hit the site, which seismologists believe collapsed part of the mountain's interior.


Will North Korea really denuclearise?


Pyongyang's professed commitment to "denuclearisation" is likely to differ from Washington's demand for "comprehensive, verifiable and irreversible" nuclear disarmament.


On a recent visit to North Korea, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stressed that any such claim would require a "robust verification" programme by the US and other nations.

North Korea has also reneged on a number of promises made in previous years.


In 1994, then-US President Bill Clinton made plans to attack sites in North Korea based on intelligence that the state had begun shipping fuel rods that could be used to produce plutonium to its main nuclear facility, the Yongbyon complex.


The threat of US strikes at the time, along with an offer from the Clinton administration to help boost the state's struggling economy, led to an agreement with the North Koreans.


The US provided fuel to an energy-starved economy, and North Korea agreed to freeze its programme. But Pyongyang later breached the agreement and the deal fell apart in 2002.


In 2007, Pyongyang announced that it had shut its Yongbyon reactor as part of a disarmament-for-aid deal. The following year it demolished the facility's cooling tower in a symbol of its commitment to ending its nuclear programme.


Then, in 2013, North Korea said it would restart operations at the Yongbyon site - a move that was later confirmed by experts.

How important is the Trump-Kim meeting?


Mr Trump and Mr Kim are due to meet in Singapore on 12 June. It will be the first time a sitting US president has ever met a North Korean leader.


The key issue expected to be discussed is North Korea's nuclear weapons programme, over which the two leaders furiously sparred in 2017.

The US wants Pyongyang to give up its weapons programme completely and irreversibly.


Confirmation of the meeting between the two men came after landmark talks between North and South Korea.


Mr Trump announced the date and place of the summit earlier this week, hours after he welcomed home three US detainees released from North Korea.


"We will both try to make it a very special moment for World Peace!" he tweeted.

Is North Korea opening up?


There is a "sense of optimism" among North Korea's leaders, the head of the UN's World Food Programme (WFP) said on Saturday after enjoying what he said was unprecedented access to the country.


David Beasley spent two days in the capital, Pyongyang, and two outside it, accompanied by government minders.


He said the country was working hard to meet nutritional standards, and hunger was not as high as in the 1990s.


Mr Beasley's visit, from 8-11 May, included trips to WFP-funded projects - a children's nursery in South Hwanghae province and a fortified biscuit factory in North North Pyongyan province.


"I didn't see starvation like you had in the famine back in the 1990s, that's the good news. But is there a hunger issue, is there under-nutrition? There's no question about it," he told the BBC.


"There is a sense of turning a new page in history," he said.




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정책비교/국제정치2018. 5. 10. 20:35


May 1 at 7:14pm · 


(견해) #미국판_홍준표_존_볼튼 임명 당시에 언급한대로, 볼튼의 훼방작전은 이번 흐름에서 큰 효과를 발휘하지 못할 것이다. 왜냐하면 외교적 성과를 가장 크게 또 쉽게 낼 수 있는 북핵 문제를 트럼프가 놓쳐 버린다면, 노벨 평화상도 날아갈 뿐더러, 미국내 불안정한 트럼프 입지가 흔들릴 수 있기 때문이다. John Bolton's boss is Trump.


그런데 왜 트럼프는 전쟁광이라고 손가락질 받는 볼튼을 임명했는가 ? 한국언론과 지식계가 간과하고 있는 미국 엘리트 백인 남성 프라터니티(fraternity) 문화도 한몫 했다고 본다. 단순화시키면 트럼프와 볼튼 관계는 조폭보다 더 강한 위계질서로 움직인다. 좋은 의미건 나쁜 의미건 '관계 network:relation' (꽌시)가 중요하다.



존 볼튼은 군산복합체 딕 체니(Dick Cheney)류 대변자이지만, 트럼프 직원이다. 트럼프가 자기와 케미가 맞은 인물이 존 볼튼이라고 봤다. 빅터 차는 트럼프의 예스 노를 구별하지 못한다고 봤고, 존 볼튼은 금새 알아들을 것으로 본 것이다.(차후 진실은 더 밝혀질 것이고)



(* 아래 기사 핵심 요지) 


1.존 볼튼이 북미회담 성공을 방해하는 정보를 와싱턴 정가 씽크탱크에 흘리면서 북한을 여전히 악마화하고 있다. 그 사례로 압록강 주변 핵무기 등급의 흑연 공장을 북한이 가동하고 있다. 이것은 핵무기 기술 해외 수출용이다. 따라서 볼튼 주장은 김정은의 제스처를 믿으면 안된다는 것이다.



2.볼튼이 주장하는 핵무기 철거 방식은 직역하면 '비환영 조사 intrusive inspection'이다.



미국이 북한에 들어가서 군사시설을 포함한 핵실험장, 핵무기를 직접 들고 항구나 공항을 통해 그 핵물질들을 운반해 미국으로 가져 오겠다는 방식이다.

그 사례는 리비아 핵 프로그램을 미국 테네시 주 오우크 리지(Oak Ridge)에 보관하고 있는 것이다.



(*견해: 북한이 이러한 무슨 집수리할 때처럼 시공자가 남의 집에 들어와서 주인 허락도 없이 외벽이나 지붕을 다 뜯어보고 intrusive inspection 해버리는 방식이 국가간에도 허용될리는 만무하다. 북한도 이런 비환영 개봉 조사는 수용하지 않을 것이다.

그런데도 존 볼튼은 리비야 Libya 흘러간 노래를 타령할 것이고, 트럼프도 회담 전까지는 볼튼을 방조할 것이다. 최대 압박 카드 담당자가 볼튼이기 때문이다.)







by

Did John Bolton Leak Intelligence to Sabotage a Trump-Kim Deal?


Bolton isn't just uninterested in selling a denuclearization deal to the public, he’s working actively to undermine it.



The still-unscheduled Donald Trump-Kim Jong Un summit offers the opportunity for a denuclearization deal that would avoid a possible nuclear war, but that potential deal remains vulnerable to a hostile corporate media sector and political elites in the United States. At the center of this hostility is national security adviser John Bolton, who’s not just uninterested in selling a denuclearization deal to the public. He’s working actively to undermine it.



Strong circumstantial evidence indicates that he leaked intelligence to a Washington think tank sympathetic to his views in order to generate media questioning about the president’s announced plan to reach an agreement with North Korea’s leader.

Bolton made no secret of his visceral opposition to such a deal before Trump announced that Bolton would become national security adviser, arguing that Kim Jong Un would never let go of his nuclear weapons, especially since he is so close to having a real nuclear deterrent capability vis-a-vis the United States.


Even after meeting Trump on March 6 to discuss joining the administration, Bolton was not expecting the announcement of a Trump-Kim summit. Trump tweeted about progress in talks with North Korea that day, but when asked about such talks in an interview with Fox News later that same day, Bolton dismissed the whole idea. He portrayed Kim’s willingness to have discussions as aimed at diverting Washington’s attention from Pyongyang nearing its goal of having a “deliverable nuclear weapon.”


After the Trump-Kim summit was announced on March 9, Bolton made a tactical adjustment in his public stance toward talks with Kim to avoid an open conflict with Trump. He started suggesting in interviews that Trump had cleverly “foiled” Kim’s plan for long, drawn-out talks by accepting the proposal for a summit meeting. But he also urged Trump to assume a stance that would guarantee the meeting would fail.


In an interview with Fox News on the day of the summit announcement, Bolton suggested a peremptory demand by Trump to Kim: “Tell us what ports should American ships sail in, what airports American planes can land to load your nuclear weapons.” 


And in a second interview with Fox that day, Bolton suggested that Trump demand that Kim identify the ports and airfields to be used to “dismantle your nuclear program and put it at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, where Libya’s nuclear program lives.” Bolton’s invocation of the Libyan example of giving up a nuclear weapons program was an ostentatious way of conveying his intention to keep open the option of using force to overthrow Kim’s regime.


Bolton was staking his opposition to negotiations with Kim primarily on the argument that North Korea would simply exploit such negotiations to complete its testing of a nuclear-tipped intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). But former CIA Director Mike Pompeo got a concrete commitment from Kim to end all tests during their meetings in Pyongyang on April 7-8, which Kim then announced officially on April 20.


Pompeo’s report on Kim’s commitment, coming just before Bolton’s first day in the White House on April 9, immediately vitiated Bolton’s chief argument against a denuclearization agreement. But Bolton had another argument to fall back on. When a Fox News interviewer asked him on March 6 about a possible nuclear testing freeze, Bolton replied, “A freeze won’t work. The only inspections system that you could have with any prospect of finding out what they’re up to would have to be so intrusive it would threaten the stability of the regime.”


As an argument that a testing halt wouldn’t work, that comment was nonsensical: The United States has no intrusive inspections to detect a test of a long-range North Korean missile or of a nuclear weapon. But Bolton could use the need for an intrusive inspection system that North Korea would resist as an argument against a denuclearization agreement. 


He was well aware that in 2008, Vice President Dick Cheney forced Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to change the agreement she had reached with North Korea in October 2007 to require an intrusive verification system at a different stage of implementation—before the United States had taken North Korea off the terrorism list and ended the application of the Trading with the Enemy Act rather than after that, as had been originally agreed. North Korea refused to accept the new verification demand and then denounced the agreement in late 2008.



Within a few days of Bolton taking over as national security adviser, someone leaked intelligence to a Washington think tank on a North Korean facility allegedly intended to produce nuclear-grade graphite, a key component of nuclear reactors. The leak resulted in a post by David Albright, the executive director of the Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), on April 20 with satellite images of what he identified as a North Korean nuclear-grade graphite plant. 


Albright wrote that a “knowledgeable government official” had identified the site of the factory on the Yalu River, which divides North Korea from China.


Albright suggested that the factory “violates the spirit of the upcoming summit processes with the United States and South Korea.” And he concluded that any agreement with North Korea “must contain its verifiable commitments not to proliferate nuclear goods and abide by internationally recognized strategic export control regimes.”


But Albright presented no evidence that the building under U.S. intelligence surveillance had any bearing on negotiations on denuclearization. His report made it clear that analysts had only suspicions rather than hard evidence that it was for nuclear-grade graphite, referring to “the suspect site” and to “the suspect facility.” Albright also admitted that nuclear-grade graphite is a “dual use” material, and that an existing North Korean facility produces it for components of domestic and foreign ballistic missiles, not for nuclear plants.


Albright nevertheless implied that nuclear-grade graphite is produced and traded covertly. In fact, it is sold online by trading companies such as Alibaba like any other industrial item.


On April 21, despite the absence of any real link between the “suspect facility” and a prospective denuclearization agreement, The Washington Post published an article by intelligence reporter Joby Warrick, based on Albright’s post, that suggested such a link. Warrick referred to a “suspected graphite production facility” that could allow North Korea’s “weapons program” to “quietly advance while creating an additional source of badly needed export revenue.”


Adopting Bolton’s key argument against a denuclearization agreement, Warrick wrote, “It is unclear how the United States and its allies would reliably verify a suspension of key facets of North Korea’s nuclear program or confirm that it has stopped selling weapons components to partners overseas.” North Korea has “a long history of concealing illicit weapons activity from foreign eyes,” Warrick argued, adding that, unlike Iran, it “does not allow inspectors to visit its nuclear facilities.”


But Warrick failed to inform readers that North Korea had allowed 24-hour, 7-day-a-week inspections of their nuclear facilities from the time the agreed framework was adopted in 1994 until December 2002, after Bolton had successfully engineered the George W. Bush administration’s open renunciation of that Clinton administration agreement. And in the negotiations in 2007-08, Pyongyang only had objected to the U.S. demand for intrusive inspection—including military sites—before the United States had ended its suite of hostile policies toward North Korea.


The graphite factory episode would not be the first time Bolton had used alleged intelligence to try to block a negotiated agreement. In early 2004, Bolton, as undersecretary of state for arms control and international security, was determined to prevent the British, French and German governments from reaching an accord with Iran that would frustrate Cheney’s plan for an eventual U.S. military option against Iran.


 Bolton gave satellite images of Iran’s Parchin military complex to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) claiming that they were appropriate for certain kinds of nuclear weapons testing, as Seymour Hersh later reported. Bolton demanded that the IAEA inspect the sites, evidently hoping that Iran would refuse such an intrusive inspection and allow the Bush administration to accuse Iran of hiding covert weapons activities.


But the IAEA failed to refer to the satellite images of Parchin in two 2004 reports on Iran. Then the State Department provided them to ABC News, which reported that a State Department official “confirmed the United States suspects nuclear activity at some of [Parchin’s] facilities.” 


But the ABC report also quoted a former senior Department of Defense official who specialized in nuclear weapons as saying the images did not constitute evidence of any nuclear weapons-related activities. Iran let the IAEA inspect 10 Parchin sites in two separate visits in 2005. Taking environment samples in each case, the inspectors found no evidence of nuclear-related activity.


Bolton’s hopes of keeping the option of U.S. war on Iran flopped in 2004, but he still believes in a first strike against North Korea, as he urged in an op-ed in late February. And he can be expected to continue to use his position in the White House to try to keep that option open as he did with Iran in 2004, in part by covert leaks of information to allies outside the government.

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정책비교/국제정치2018. 5. 10. 19:39


May 2 at 10:06am · 


상전 벽해다. 하태경 의원, 문정인 교수 "주한미군 합리화되기 힘들다" 했다 하여, 문정인 특보 해임하라 주장을 보며. 


보수 잡탕당 바른미래당 소속이니 걸핏하면 해임하라는 주장 이해도 간다. 하태경 의원 386 후반 세대, 그 대학시절 비운동권 운동권 정파가릴 것없이 어디 '주한 미군 철수하라' 구호 한번 외쳐보지 않는 게 무슨 대학가 '낭만'이라 할 수 있었나? 한국인들 해외 여행 나가서 미국 군대가 한국에 무상으로 주둔하고 있으면, 남들이 보기에도 이상하게 쳐다보고, 사회과학 용어를 아는 외국인들은 '제국주의' '식민지' 언급한다.


문정인 특보 1951년 생이다. 한국전쟁 와중에 태어났다. 386들 학교 다닐 때, 1951년 아저씨 아줌마들이 '주한 미군 철수하라' 외쳐줬다면, 고개 들어 조국의 미래는 그 아저씨 아줌마들에게 있다고 우러러 봤을 것이다. 


주한 미군 '철수' 그 자체를 지금 국면에서 전면 부각시킬 필요는 없다. 하지만 미국 트럼프도 주한미군의 '지위'와 '역할', 주둔 방식과 '재정'을 바꾸려고 하고 있다는 사실도 하태경 의원은 알아야 한다.


팩트 체크: 한국이 주한미군 주둔 비용의 65.1%를, 미국이 34.9%를 부담 (2016) 


http://news20.busan.com/controller/newsController.jsp?newsId=20180502000080












미군 주둔 한국만 위해서?…비용은 “한국 이미 70% 부담”

등록 :2016-05-06 19:05수정 :2016-05-06 21:52


주한미군 방위비 분담금 논란


가장 중요한 목적이 중국 견제

한반도 방위군 성격 벗어난지 오래


주한미군사령관 “한 50% 부담” 불구

부동산 등 간접비용 합하면 65%

공시지가 5% 아래로 저평가

제대로 계산하면 “70% 넘어”


미국 공화당 대선후보로 확정된 도널드 트럼프가 “국외 미군 주둔 비용을 모두 주둔국이 내야 한다”고 주장해, 한국이 미국에 내는 주한미군 방위비 분담금의 규모와 부담 비율 등에 관심이 쏠린다.


■ 주한미군은 한반도 방어만 맡나?


트럼프의 주장은, 주한미군은 한국을 지키려고 주둔하는 것이라 그 수혜자인 한국이 주둔 비용의 100%를 내야 한다는 것이다.


 그러나 이는 주한미군 주둔의 가장 중요한 목적이 한국 방위보다 동북아에서 미국의 경제·정치·군사적 이익을 보호하려는 데 있음을 외면한 발언이라는 지적이 많다. 


미국은 2011년 중국 견제를 위한 ‘재균형 정책’을 공식화한 뒤 오스트레일리아·필리핀 등에 미군을 순환 배치하고 있다. 주한미군도 2006년 1월 한·미 정부의 ‘전략적 유연성’ 합의 이후 한반도 방위만을 위한 붙박이군의 성격을 벗어난 지 오래다.


문제는 트럼프의 동맹국 ‘무임승차론’을 돌출적 발언으로만 치부할 수 있느냐는 점이다. 군 당국자는 6일 “막대한 재정적자로 방위비 삭감 압박을 받고 있는 미국의 상황 등과 맞물려 미국 내에서 동맹국들의 기여 확대 등을 요구하는 목소리가 커질 수 있다”며 “우리의 입장을 설득력 있게 설명할 논리 개발 등 대비가 필요한 것 같다”고 말했다.



■ 한국의 실제 부담률은 70% 이상


지난해 한국이 낸 방위비 분담금은 9320억원이다.


 2014년 2월 타결된 한·미 방위비 분담금 협상 결과에 따른 것이다. 


당시 합의 내용은 2014년 방위비 분담금을 9200억원으로 하되, 2014~2018년 5년간 소비자물가 인상분만큼 해마다 인상하도록 돼 있다. 방위비 분담금이 처음 도입된 1991년 1073억원에서 9배 늘어난 액수다.


미국은 방위비 분담금이 주한미군 주둔 비용의 절반에 해당하는 것으로 평가하고 있다. 빈센트 브룩스 주한미군 사령관은 지난 4월19일 미국 상원 인준 청문회에서 “한국은 지난해 방위비분담특별협정(SMA)을 통해 주한미군 주둔 비용의 50% 정도를 부담했다”고 말했다.


그러나 한국이 실제 부담하는 비용은 이보다 훨씬 많다. 


한국 정부가 방위비 분담금 이외에도 부동산 지원, 각종 세금 및 공공요금 감면 등의 혜택을 제공하고 있기 때문이다. 


국내 시민단체 ‘평화와 통일을 여는 사람들’(평통사)이 2013년 입수해 공개한 미국 국방차관실의 ‘2012회계연도 예산 운영유지비 총람’을 보면, 2010년 미국 국방부가 지출한 주한미군 주둔비 총액(미군 및 군속 인건비 제외)은 7억7330만달러(8939억원)다. 


반면 한국 국방부의 국회 보고자료를 보면, 한국 정부는 같은 해 주한미군에 방위비 분담금 7904억원 말고도 카투사·경찰 지원, 부동산 지원, 기지 주변 정비 등 직접지원비 657억원과 토지임대료 평가, 제세 감면, 공공요금 감면, 도로·항만·공항이용료 면제, 철도수송 지원 등 간접지원비 8188억원을 지원해 총지원비가 1조6749억원에 이른다. 


이에 따르면 한국이 주한미군 주둔 비용의 65.1%를, 미국이 34.9%를 부담하고 있는 셈이다.



유영재 평통사 미군문제팀장은 “이들 수치도 주한미군에 공여된 토지가 공시지가의 2.5~5%로 저평가된 수치”라며 “이런 점을 고려하면 우리가 실제 주한미군 주둔비의 70% 이상을 부담하고 있는 것”이라고 말했다.


박병수 선임기자 suh@hani.co.kr



원문보기: 

http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/politics/defense/742784.html#csidx28464533caf60bda0378fe4e1590f6b

연관 뉴스:

트럼프 주한미군 발언:


Trump apparently threatens to withdraw US troops from South Korea over trade

WaPo: Trump admits he gave Trudeau false info
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WaPo: Trump admits he gave Trudeau false info 00:57

Washington (CNN)President Donald Trump on Wednesday appeared to threaten to withdraw US troops from South Korea if he can't get a better trade deal with Seoul.

In a fundraising speech in Missouri, Trump told donors South Korea had become rich but that American politicians never negotiated better deals, according to audio obtained by The Washington Post and confirmed to CNN by an attendee.
"We have a very big trade deficit with them, and we protect them," Trump said. "We lose money on trade, and we lose money on the military."

"We have right now 32,000 soldiers on the border between North and South Korea. Let's see what happens," Trump said.

    The President went on to argue, "Our allies care about themselves. They don't care about us."

    The two countries signed the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) in 2007 and, since then, trade between the two countries has grown. However, the US' trade deficit with Korea stood at $17.0 billion, according to figures from 2016.

    On Friday, South Korean Finance Minister, Kim Dong-yeon, appeared to hit back at Trump's remarks.

    "We don't think it's ideal to link an economic issue with such an issue [the withdrawal of US troops]," said Kim, while speaking on South Korean TBS radio.

    "The South Korean government, with national interest of South Korea as priority, will consider striking a balance in the national economy and among multiple industries," said Kim.

    "We have many issues to take into consideration dealing with the United States as well."
    Kim's comments, the first by a senior member of the South Korean government, follow the arrival of South Korea's foreign minister in Washington to discuss the proposed face-to-face meetingbetween Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

    Longstanding ally


    South Korea and the US maintain a longstanding defense partnership.

    At the end of this month, joint military exercises involving tens of thousands of troops from both countries are set to resume, following their postponement during the Olympic Games.

    Last year, the annual exercises, code-named Key Resolve and Foal Eagle, saw an estimated 3,600 additional US service members deployed to join the 28,000 US troops already based in South Korea to participate in the drills, which included ground, air, naval and special operations field exercises.

    The United States and South Korea assert that the annual exercises, which have been carried out regularly for nearly 40 years, are strictly defensive and non-provocative.

    Both exercises, according to US Forces Korea, are designed to "highlight the longstanding military partnership" between the two countries and improve stability and security on the Korean Peninsula.

    However, the exercises usually draw a fierce response from North Korean.

    During last year's drills, Pyongyang launched multiple missile tests and held a massive artillery exercise at the end of April.

    The US and South Korea have maintained this year's drills will proceed as planned, despite the thawing in relations with the North.


    Posted by NJ원시

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    한국정치/북한_DPRK2018. 5. 1. 09:03

    트럼프 김정은 회담 장소는 그 궁극적인 목표인 북미수교, 평화협정 체결, 북미를 포함한 한중러일북미 경제-안보 체제라는 동북아 신질서 체제를 형성하는데 가장 상징적인 장소가 되어야 한다.


     이런 관점에서 볼 때, 핵 실험장 풍계리에서 가장 가까운 평양을 트럼프가 방문하는 게 가장 좋다고 본다. 그리고 김정은 국무위원장이 미국 와싱턴 백악관을 답방하는 것이 북미수교의 순서에 부합한다.


    극적인 반전과 승리의 쾌감을 즐기는 트럼프가 김정은을 만나는데 싱가포르나 몽고를 좋아할리는 없다.


    트럼프의 속내는 평양이다. 그 다음 평양에서 회담을 하더라도, 비무장지대와 판문점을 트럼프가 방문할 수도 있다.

    평양 회담을 마치고 나서,

    판문점에서 자연스럽게 문재인 한국 대통령, 김정은 DPRK 국무위원장, 트럼프 미 대통령이 모여 이야기를 할 수도 있다.


    트럼프 트윗 내용 - 


    "김정은과 회담 장소로 몇 개 나라들을 생각하고 있다. 그러나 한국과 북한 경계선에 있는 평화의 집, 자유의 집이 제 3국보다는 더 대표성이 크고, 더 중요하고, 앞으로도 계속해서 회담을 이어나갈 수 있는(lasting) 장소이지 않을까? 어떻게 생각하시오들?"


    # May 2.

    북미회담 장소는 평양이 제일 바람직하고, 제 2차 북미회담은 와싱턴 D.C에서 개최하고, 그 이후 지속적인 회담들은 판문점 서울 평양 단둥 블라디보스톡이 좋겠다. 이번에 평양에 트럼프가 가고, 판문점을 통해 남쪽으로 내려오는 것도 좋겠다.


    - 북미 회담을 우선 두 국가가 주인공이 되게 하는 게 문제해법 지름길이다. 


    - 노무현 정부 당시 전 북한 유엔 대사가 어떤 발쵸장에서 한 이야기가 떠오른다. " 노무현 정부 들어서서 남북 관계가 과거보다 더 좋아졌죠?"라는 질문에, 그는 대답했다. "본질적으로 변화된 것은 없다. 조금 원활해졌다." 물론 12, 13년 전과 지금은 다르다. 다만 북한이 지금 바라는 바는 주권 유지이다. 이 전제 조건을 이번 회담 국면들에서 적극적으로 고려해야 한다.


    판문점 이벤트들은 앞으로도 수없이 많을 것이기에, 실질적인 회담에 집중했으면 한다. 싱가폴은 좀 생뚱맞다.







     


    https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/apr/30/donald-trump-kim-jong-un-meeting-peace-house


    Trump suggests meeting Kim on border as South Korean leader touts Nobel

    President suggests summit at site of historic meeting last week

    Moon Jae-in: ‘President Trump should win the Nobel peace prize’

    Martin Pengelly, David Smith and agencies


    Mon 30 Apr 2018 14.03 BST First published on Mon 30 Apr 2018 13.39 BST

    -


     Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump. Photograph: Lucas Jackson/Reuters

    Donald Trump on Monday tweeted a suggestion that his planned meeting with Kim Jong-un could take place at the Peace House on the border between North and South Korea, the same site as Kim’s historic meeting last week with South Korean president Moon Jae-in.


    Moon, meanwhile, suggested that Trump should win the Nobel peace prize for his efforts to end the nuclear standoff with Pyongyang.



    North Korea must take 'irreversible' steps to denuclearization, US warns

     Read more

    “Numerous countries are being considered for the MEETING,” Trump wrote on Twitter, “but would Peace House/Freedom House, on the Border of North & South Korea, be a more Representative, Important and Lasting site than a third party country?


    “Just asking!”


    Later Trump gave the most detailed preview yet of potential venues for the talks. “We’re looking at various countries, including Singapore, and we are also talking about the possibility of the DMZ,” he told reporters in the White House rose garden.


    “And there’s something that I thought was intriguing. I think that some people maybe don’t like the look of that and some people like it very much. I threw it out today as idea ... There’s something that I like about it because you’re there, you’re actually there, where if things work out, there’s a great celebration to be had on the site, not in a third-party country.”


    Speaking at a joint press conference with Nigerian president Muhammadu Buhari, Trump made clear his appetite for spectacle and suspense. “I will say this, the good news, everybody wants us, it has the chance to be a big event ... The United States has never been closer to potentially having something happen with respect to the Korean peninsula that can get rid of the nuclear weapons, can create so many good things, so many positive things, and peace and safety for the world. So we’ll see what happens. I often say, who knows?”


    He described Kim as having been “very open and very straightforward so far. I can only say again, so far.”


    On Sunday, some of Trump’s key advisers counselled caution on North Korea, despite the historic events of last week and conciliatory messages coming out of Pyongyang about possible denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, the expressed aim of the Trump administration’s “maximum pressure” policy.


    The new national security adviser, John Bolton, a noted hawk, told CBS: “What we want to see from them is evidence that it’s real and not just rhetoric.”


    The new secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, who as CIA director met Kim in North Korea at Easter, told ABC the administration would not be fooled.


     Peace House located on the southern side of the inter-Korean truce village of Panmunjom.

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     Peace House located on the southern side of the inter-Korean truce village of Panmunjom. Photograph: YONHAP/AAP

    “We know the history, we know the risks,” he said. “We’re going to negotiate in a different way than before, we’re going to require steps that demonstrate denuclearization is going to be achieved. We’re not going to take promises or words, we are going to look for actions and deeds.”


    At a rally in Michigan on Saturday night, Trump gave a hint about the timing of his possible meeting with Kim.


    “I think we will have a meeting over the next three or four weeks,” he said. “It’s going be a very important meeting, the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. But we’ll see how it goes. I may go in, it may not work out, I leave.”


    Trump’s words were greeted with chants of “Nobel! Nobel!”


    'Sidelined' China seeks to maintain influence as ties between North Korea and US improve

     Read more

    South Korea’s president agrees. Moon told a cabinet meeting the American president should win a Nobel peace prize, a South Korean official said on Monday.


    “President Trump should win the Nobel peace prize,” Moon said, according to a presidential Blue House official who briefed media. “What we need is only peace.”


    On Friday, Moon and Kim pledged to end hostilities between the two countries and work towards the “complete denuclearization” of the Korean peninsula in the first inter-Korean summit in more than a decade.


    Trump’s meeting with Kim was the main subject of a private walk and chat Kim and Moon had during their meeting at the border, the South Korean official said.


    In January, Moon said Trump “deserves big credit for bringing about the inter-Korean talks. It could be a resulting work of the US-led sanctions and pressure.”


    The president’s breezy tweet about his meeting with Kim followed on the heels of a tweet in which he complained about a comedian’s routine at the White House correspondents’ dinner in Washington on Saturday. The event was “a total disaster and an embarrassment” he wrote, adding: “FAKE NEWS is alive and well and beautifully represented.”


    Posted by NJ원시

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