정책비교/국제정치2020. 6. 1. 17:05


트럼프가 "시위대가 도둑질을 하면, 총격을 가하겠다"는 트위터. 백악관 앞에서 폴리스 라인을 넘어오면 맹견을 풀어버리겠다는 협박. 이 두가지 협박의 기원은 1967년 미국 플로리다 주, 마이애미 경찰서장, 왈터 헤들리였다. 1) 왈터 헤들리가 당시 개를 풀어 버리겠다고 협박한 이유는, 흑인 청년들이 달리기를 잘해서라고 설명함. 왈터 헤들리가 흑인 청년들이 죽어서 시체보관실에 갇히고 싶냐고 협박함.


2) 당시 왈터 헤들리가 경찰 부하들에게 명령을 내린 지시사항이 "도둑질이 시작되면, 총격을 개시하라"였음.



1967년 당시 흑인 민권운동이 한창이라서, 왈터 헤들리와 달리, '흑인 지역사회 공동체 프로그램'을 운영해 흑인범죄율을 낮추려는 시도가 있었지만, 인종차별주의자 왈터 헤들리는 흑인들을 무력으로 진압하려는 노선을 포기하지 않음. 이후 왈터 헤들리 강경 노선은 인종차별주의 대표적인 노선으로 간주됨.

The forefather of Trump's white supremacy was Walter Headley, Miami police chief in 1967.






트럼프 트위터 


“When the looting starts, the shooting starts,” is a threat coined by Miami Police Chief Walter Headley, who promised violent reprisals on black protesters in 1967. He also said: “We don’t mind being accused of police brutality. They haven’t seen anything yet.”


EXPAND

President Donald Trump at a coronavirus briefing.Photo by D. Myles Cullen/Official White House


Trump's Minneapolis Tweet Is an Echo of Miami's Racist Past

ALEXI C. CARDONA | MAY 29, 2020 | 12:18PM

Facebook

 

Twitter

 

 



In the Miami of the 1960s, Liberty City was boiling over.


Protests and black-empowerment rallies sprang up in response to aggressive policing of black neighborhoods, stop-and-frisk policies, and a police chief whose "get tough" crime-fighting approach amounted to a declaration of war on the black community.


A Miami Herald article from December 1967 said then-Miami Police Chief Walter Headley would arm his officers with shotguns and dogs to "cut crimes in the city's slums" rather than build a community-relations program.


RELATED STORIES

Protests Against George Floyd's Killing Planned in Miami and Broward

Cable News Networks Are Enabling Donald Trump's Racist Ideology

Here's How Trump's Rhetoric Inspires Death Threats in South Florida

"We haven't had any serious problems with civil uprisings and looting because I've let the word filter down that when the looting starts, the shooting starts," Headley said, according to the Herald.


"[Headley] said the major group his 'get tough' policy is aimed at is young Negro males, from 15 to 21," the paper wrote.


"Felons will learn that they can't be bonded out from the morgue," Headley said at the time. "We don't mind being accused of police brutality. They haven't seen anything yet."


Former Miami Police Chief Walter Headley coined the phrase, "When the looting starts, the shooting starts."EXPAND


Former Miami Police Chief Walter Headley coined the phrase, "When the looting starts, the shooting starts."Screenshot via Newsbank


The former police chief died in 1968, but President Donald Trump resurrected his words without attribution early this morning in a tweet about civil unrest in Minneapolis. The ongoing protests are a response to a police officer handcuffing and pinning George Floyd to the ground and putting a knee to Floyd's neck; the 46-year-old later died.


"....These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won't let that happen," Trump tweeted. "Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!"


Twitter flagged the president's tweet for violating the company's rules about glorifying violence and blocked it from being automatically viewed.


New York Times national politics reporter Astead Herndon and other journalists called attention to the source of Trump's alliterative turn of phrase.



Steadman™

@AsteadWesley

"When the looting starts, the shooting starts" is originally a phrase of Miami police chief Walter Headley. 


Headley refused to return from vacation when violent protests broke out at the RNC in 1968. "They know what to do...Wen the looting starts, the shooting starts." https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1266231100780744704 …


Donald J. Trump

@realDonaldTrump


Replying to @realDonaldTrump


....These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won’t let that happen. Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!


4,757

1:13 AM - May 29, 2020

Twitter Ads info and privacy

2,502 people are talking about this


Todd Zwillich

@toddzwillich

“When the looting starts, the shooting starts,” is a threat coined by Miami Police Chief Walter Headley, who promised violent reprisals on black protesters in 1967. He also said: “We don’t mind being accused of police brutality. They haven’t seen anything yet.” https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/1266231100780744704 …


View image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Donald J. Trump

@realDonaldTrump

Replying to @realDonaldTrump

....These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won’t let that happen. Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!


27.2K

1:19 AM - May 29, 2020

Twitter Ads info and privacy

22.8K people are talking about this

Headley was chief for two decades and oversaw the Miami Police Department during a time of tremendous racial tension within the city.


In February 1968, two MPD officers stripped a black teenager down to his shorts and dangled him by his ankles from a bridge 80 feet above the Miami River. Officers were conducting searches on patrons of a pool hall, according to a Herald article at the time, and reportedly found that the boy, Robert Owens, was carrying a knife.


There are conflicting stories about what happened to the officers. Some reports say Headley suspended them immediately, while others say one officer resigned and the other was suspended after refusing to do likewise.


Stanley Jean-Poix, president of the Miami Community Police Benevolent Association, the city's black police union, tells New Times Headley had been warned about one of the officers. Jean-Poix says black community leaders told Headley one of the officers was "racist and antagonistic" toward the black community.


"They wanted him removed from Liberty City," explains Jean-Poix, who says he has become conversant in the department's history of race relations.


Headley reportedly rejected the leaders' concerns, and when the community learned what the officers did to Owens, they rebelled.


"Tension between the black community and Headley accelerated at that time," Jean-Poix says.


Six months later, community organizers were planning rallies to protest the Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, which secured the nomination of Richard Nixon for president.


Jean-Poix says the organizers were mindful of the fact that the media would be present for the convention and planned the demonstrations to bring continued attention to the issue of police brutality and racism in Miami.


The rallies devolved into three days of rebellion, during which police killed three people, wounded 18, and arrested 222, according to a 2018 look back at the riot by the Washington Post.


Headley died later that year at age 63. An Associated Press obituary called him the "architect of a crime crackdown that sent police dogs and shotgun-toting patrolmen into Miami's slums in force."


Stephen P. Clark, the mayor of Dade County from the 1970s to the 1990s, praised Headley in the obituary for his "effective" policing tactics.


Clark was quoted in the obituary as saying Headley's policy "will always be in existence in this city."


The former chief's legacy lives on, as evidenced by Miami's Fraternal Order of Police union, which bears his name.


WE BELIEVE LOCAL JOURNALISM IS CRITICAL TO THE LIFE OF A CITY

Engaging with our readers is essential to Miami New Times's mission. Make a financial contribution or sign up for a newsletter, and help us keep telling Miami's stories with no paywalls.


SUPPORT OUR JOURNALISM

Jean-Poix says he was disturbed to see Trump quote Headley, knowing Headley's history with the black community in Miami.


"His comments were very disappointing, but I'm not surprised because I feel he showed himself," Jean-Poix says. "I just feel like he's adding fuel to the fire."


Jean-Poix worries that Trump's words will encourage people’s implicit biases and perpetuate racism. At the same time, he says the resurfacing of Headley's comments sheds a light on racism in America and the importance of listening to the voices of the oppressed.


"Looting and breaking things, I don't agree with," he says. "But I'm savvy enough to understand that people who feel disrespected lash out. They're reacting out of anger, and this is how they know to get the word out. It's easy to say, 'Be calm,' but if you don't give that person a voice, if you don't acknowledge or validate them, they are going to lash out."


 

Alexi C. Cardona is a staff writer at Miami New Times. A Hialeah native, she's happy to be back home writing about Miami's craziness after four years working for Naples Daily News.

CONTACT: Alexi C. Cardona

FOLLOW: Twitter: @Alexi_Cristina

Posted by NJ원시

댓글을 달아 주세요