정책비교/국제정치2020. 6. 1. 17:05


트럼프가 "시위대가 도둑질을 하면, 총격을 가하겠다"는 트위터. 백악관 앞에서 폴리스 라인을 넘어오면 맹견을 풀어버리겠다는 협박. 이 두가지 협박의 기원은 1967년 미국 플로리다 주, 마이애미 경찰서장, 왈터 헤들리였다. 1) 왈터 헤들리가 당시 개를 풀어 버리겠다고 협박한 이유는, 흑인 청년들이 달리기를 잘해서라고 설명함. 왈터 헤들리가 흑인 청년들이 죽어서 시체보관실에 갇히고 싶냐고 협박함.


2) 당시 왈터 헤들리가 경찰 부하들에게 명령을 내린 지시사항이 "도둑질이 시작되면, 총격을 개시하라"였음.



1967년 당시 흑인 민권운동이 한창이라서, 왈터 헤들리와 달리, '흑인 지역사회 공동체 프로그램'을 운영해 흑인범죄율을 낮추려는 시도가 있었지만, 인종차별주의자 왈터 헤들리는 흑인들을 무력으로 진압하려는 노선을 포기하지 않음. 이후 왈터 헤들리 강경 노선은 인종차별주의 대표적인 노선으로 간주됨.

The forefather of Trump's white supremacy was Walter Headley, Miami police chief in 1967.






트럼프 트위터 


“When the looting starts, the shooting starts,” is a threat coined by Miami Police Chief Walter Headley, who promised violent reprisals on black protesters in 1967. He also said: “We don’t mind being accused of police brutality. They haven’t seen anything yet.”


EXPAND

President Donald Trump at a coronavirus briefing.Photo by D. Myles Cullen/Official White House


Trump's Minneapolis Tweet Is an Echo of Miami's Racist Past

ALEXI C. CARDONA | MAY 29, 2020 | 12:18PM

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In the Miami of the 1960s, Liberty City was boiling over.


Protests and black-empowerment rallies sprang up in response to aggressive policing of black neighborhoods, stop-and-frisk policies, and a police chief whose "get tough" crime-fighting approach amounted to a declaration of war on the black community.


A Miami Herald article from December 1967 said then-Miami Police Chief Walter Headley would arm his officers with shotguns and dogs to "cut crimes in the city's slums" rather than build a community-relations program.


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"We haven't had any serious problems with civil uprisings and looting because I've let the word filter down that when the looting starts, the shooting starts," Headley said, according to the Herald.


"[Headley] said the major group his 'get tough' policy is aimed at is young Negro males, from 15 to 21," the paper wrote.


"Felons will learn that they can't be bonded out from the morgue," Headley said at the time. "We don't mind being accused of police brutality. They haven't seen anything yet."


Former Miami Police Chief Walter Headley coined the phrase, "When the looting starts, the shooting starts."EXPAND


Former Miami Police Chief Walter Headley coined the phrase, "When the looting starts, the shooting starts."Screenshot via Newsbank


The former police chief died in 1968, but President Donald Trump resurrected his words without attribution early this morning in a tweet about civil unrest in Minneapolis. The ongoing protests are a response to a police officer handcuffing and pinning George Floyd to the ground and putting a knee to Floyd's neck; the 46-year-old later died.


"....These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won't let that happen," Trump tweeted. "Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!"


Twitter flagged the president's tweet for violating the company's rules about glorifying violence and blocked it from being automatically viewed.


New York Times national politics reporter Astead Herndon and other journalists called attention to the source of Trump's alliterative turn of phrase.



Steadman™

@AsteadWesley

"When the looting starts, the shooting starts" is originally a phrase of Miami police chief Walter Headley. 


Headley refused to return from vacation when violent protests broke out at the RNC in 1968. "They know what to do...Wen the looting starts, the shooting starts." https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1266231100780744704 …


Donald J. Trump

@realDonaldTrump


Replying to @realDonaldTrump


....These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won’t let that happen. Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!


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Todd Zwillich

@toddzwillich

“When the looting starts, the shooting starts,” is a threat coined by Miami Police Chief Walter Headley, who promised violent reprisals on black protesters in 1967. He also said: “We don’t mind being accused of police brutality. They haven’t seen anything yet.” https://twitter.com/realdonaldtrump/status/1266231100780744704 …


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Donald J. Trump

@realDonaldTrump

Replying to @realDonaldTrump

....These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won’t let that happen. Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you!


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Headley was chief for two decades and oversaw the Miami Police Department during a time of tremendous racial tension within the city.


In February 1968, two MPD officers stripped a black teenager down to his shorts and dangled him by his ankles from a bridge 80 feet above the Miami River. Officers were conducting searches on patrons of a pool hall, according to a Herald article at the time, and reportedly found that the boy, Robert Owens, was carrying a knife.


There are conflicting stories about what happened to the officers. Some reports say Headley suspended them immediately, while others say one officer resigned and the other was suspended after refusing to do likewise.


Stanley Jean-Poix, president of the Miami Community Police Benevolent Association, the city's black police union, tells New Times Headley had been warned about one of the officers. Jean-Poix says black community leaders told Headley one of the officers was "racist and antagonistic" toward the black community.


"They wanted him removed from Liberty City," explains Jean-Poix, who says he has become conversant in the department's history of race relations.


Headley reportedly rejected the leaders' concerns, and when the community learned what the officers did to Owens, they rebelled.


"Tension between the black community and Headley accelerated at that time," Jean-Poix says.


Six months later, community organizers were planning rallies to protest the Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, which secured the nomination of Richard Nixon for president.


Jean-Poix says the organizers were mindful of the fact that the media would be present for the convention and planned the demonstrations to bring continued attention to the issue of police brutality and racism in Miami.


The rallies devolved into three days of rebellion, during which police killed three people, wounded 18, and arrested 222, according to a 2018 look back at the riot by the Washington Post.


Headley died later that year at age 63. An Associated Press obituary called him the "architect of a crime crackdown that sent police dogs and shotgun-toting patrolmen into Miami's slums in force."


Stephen P. Clark, the mayor of Dade County from the 1970s to the 1990s, praised Headley in the obituary for his "effective" policing tactics.


Clark was quoted in the obituary as saying Headley's policy "will always be in existence in this city."


The former chief's legacy lives on, as evidenced by Miami's Fraternal Order of Police union, which bears his name.


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Jean-Poix says he was disturbed to see Trump quote Headley, knowing Headley's history with the black community in Miami.


"His comments were very disappointing, but I'm not surprised because I feel he showed himself," Jean-Poix says. "I just feel like he's adding fuel to the fire."


Jean-Poix worries that Trump's words will encourage people’s implicit biases and perpetuate racism. At the same time, he says the resurfacing of Headley's comments sheds a light on racism in America and the importance of listening to the voices of the oppressed.


"Looting and breaking things, I don't agree with," he says. "But I'm savvy enough to understand that people who feel disrespected lash out. They're reacting out of anger, and this is how they know to get the word out. It's easy to say, 'Be calm,' but if you don't give that person a voice, if you don't acknowledge or validate them, they are going to lash out."


 

Alexi C. Cardona is a staff writer at Miami New Times. A Hialeah native, she's happy to be back home writing about Miami's craziness after four years working for Naples Daily News.

CONTACT: Alexi C. Cardona

FOLLOW: Twitter: @Alexi_Cristina

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정책비교/국제정치2020. 5. 31. 14:54


미국 인종차별의 역사가 길다. 흑인 차별과 착취, 그 400년의 역사 속에서, 아직도 미국인들은 '흑인 인종차별'을 '바이러스' '질병'이라고 제대로 인지하고 있지 못하고 있다고, 안드레아 젠슨킨은 비판했다.


암을 암이라는 질병이라고 명료하게 진단해야, 암을 치료할 수 있듯이, 미국인들이 '인종차별'을 사회적 '바이러스' '질병'이라고 인식하고, 고치려고 할 때만이 비로서 인종차별 문제를 해결할 수 있다는 것이다.



--------------------

 

미국을 지난 400년 동안 감염시켜온 이 질병을 '바이러스'라고 명명하기 전까지는, 우리는 결코 '인종차별' 문제를 해결할 수 없을 것이다. 인종차별을 조장하는 것이 인종차별주의자라고 말하는 사람들에게, 내가 하고 싶은 말은, 당신들이 '암'을 있는 그대로 '암'이라고 명명하지 않는 한, 당신들은 결코 그 질병을 치료할 수 없다. 이 질병을 치료하고 노력하고 있을 때 비로서 나는 모든 사람들이 목격했던 것, 그것이 인종차별이라고 정확하게 진술할 것이다. 


May 28, 2020 - Politics & Policy

Minneapolis city council official calls for racism to be declared a public health emergency


https://bit.ly/2MfSsba



Axios


Minneapolis City Council Vice President Andrea Jenkins called on state and local officials Thursday to declare racism a public health emergency — while also urging protestors to keep "peace and calm in our streets" in the wake of the death of George Floyd.


The big picture: Jenkins, the first openly transgender black woman elected to public office in the U.S., addressed a press conference after the city's mayor, Jacob Frey, announced an "all-out effort to restore peace and security in our city" after a second night of clashes between police and protesters left one person dead.


The FBI and the Justice Department have opened an investigation into the case of Floyd, a black man who died after a police officer kneeled on his neck for several minutes during an arrest for allegedly passing a counterfeit bill. The incident was caught on video.

Four officers involved in the incident have been fired, and Frey has called for immediate charges against the officer who detained Floyd.

What they're saying:



"Until we name this virus, this disease that has infected America for the past 400 years, we will never, ever resolve this issue. To those who say bringing up racism is racist in and of itself, I say to you, if you don't call cancer what it is, you can never cure that disease. And so in an effort to try and cure this disease, I am stating exactly what everyone else has witnessed, and that is racism. 

미국을 지난 400년 동안 감염시켜온 이 질병을 '바이러스'라고 명명하기 전까지는, 우리는 결코 '인종차별' 문제를 해결할 수 없을 것이다. 인종차별을 조장하는 것이 인종차별주의자라고 말하는 사람들에게, 내가 하고 싶은 말은, 당신들이 '암'을 있는 그대로 '암'이라고 명명하지 않는 한, 당신들은 결코 그 질병을 치료할 수 없다. 이 질병을 치료하고 노력하고 있을 때 비로서 나는 모든 사람들이 목격했던 것, 그것이 인종차별이라고 정확하게 진술할 것이다. 

"Today is a sad day for Minneapolis. It's a sad day for America. It's a sad day for the world. I want to remind all of the people that are in the streets protesting, you have every absolute right to be angry, to be upset, to be mad, to express your anger. However, you have no right to perpetrate violence and harm on the very communities that you say that you are standing up for. We need peace and calm in our streets, and I am begging you for that calm."

— Andrea Jenkins

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정책비교/국제정치2020. 5. 31. 13:40

틔위터 회사가 트럼프 발언을 폭력을 조장하는 것이라고 비판했다. 따라서 '삭제'를 해야 하지만, 대중들이 트럼프 발언에 관심을 갖고 있다고 자체 판단해, 트럼프 틔위터를 읽어볼 수 있도록 하겠다. 

트럼프 (한국 시각 5월 29일 오후 1시 53분) 트위터 내용 
" 이 조폭들이 조지 플로이드 추모를 훼방하고 있다. 나는 이 사태를 그대로 방관하지 않을 것이다. 미네소타 주자 지사 팀 왈츠에게 "군대를 무제한 동원해도 좋다"고 말했다. 어떤 난관도 통제할 것이지만, 만약 노략질이 발생하면 총격은 시작될 것이다. 땡큐 ! " 

Donald J. Trump @realDonaldTrump This Tweet violated the Twitter Rules about glorifying violence. However, Twitter has determined that it may be in the public’s interest for the Tweet to remain accessible. Learn more ....




These THUGS are dishonoring the memory of George Floyd, and I won’t let that happen. Just spoke to Governor Tim Walz and told him that the Military is with him all the way. Any difficulty and we will assume control but, when the looting starts, the shooting starts. Thank you! 12:53 AM · May 29, 2020·Twitter for iPhone





한 트위터가 남긴 메시지.

트럼프는 대통령직을 사임하라.


트럼프의 미국은, "혐오, 인종 차별과 분리"의 나라.





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