정책비교/국제정치2018. 10. 25. 09:40


124석이 달린 6월 총선에서, 온타리오 주 보수당이 과반을 넘는 76석을 차지, 단독 주정부를 수립했다. 캐나다 보수당 당명은 진보보수당 (Progressive Conservative)이다. 캐나다 온타리오 주 총선 방식은 소선거구 '승자독식' 제도이다. 보수당 득표율은 40.63%, 지난 주정부였던 자유당 (리버럴 Liberal) 은 득표는 19.3%를 했으나 7석을 차지해 폭락했다. 사회민주당으로 분류될 수 있는 신민주당 (NDP)은 33.69% 득표율로 40석을 차지, 공식적인 제 1 야당이 되었다.

녹색당은 토론토 외곽 도시 구엘프 (Guelph)에서 1명 당선자를 배출했다. 전체 득표율은 4.62%였다.   


'We have taken back Ontario': Doug Ford leads PCs to majority government


Wynne resigns as Liberal leader, Greens elect first MPP in Guelph


Lucas Powers · CBC News · Posted: Jun 07, 2018 7:29 PM ET | Last Updated: June 9


Ontario's incoming premier, Doug Ford, helped his party secure a substantial majority government after less than three months at the helm. (Carlo Allegri/Reuters)


https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ontario-election-vote-ford-horwath-wynne-pc-ndp-liberal-green-1.4696736


Led by Doug Ford, Ontario's Progressive Conservatives secured a considerable majority government on Thursday, handily defeating the rival New Democrats and ending nearly 15 years of Liberal power in the province.


Andrea Horwath's NDP will form the Official Opposition at the legislature, while the embattled Liberals suffered a historic rebuke from voters. The Grits lost the vast majority of their seats at Queen's Park and earned their lowest-ever share of the popular vote. 


Shortly after results were announced, Kathleen Wynne revealed she will resign as Liberal leader, as her party failed to pick up the eight seats necessary to maintain official party status. 


ANALYSIS | Magic of 'simple' message led to Ford victory

Wynne ready to 'pass the torch,' quits as Ontario Liberal leader

Buoyed by Ford — a one-term Toronto city councillor and businessman — the PCs ran a populist campaign long on commitments but short on fiscal details, promising a tax cut for the middle class and corporations and a drastic reduction in the price of hydro and gasoline.


The PCs were the only party that did not release a fully costed platform prior to election day.


Riding a wave of entrenched anti-Liberal sentiment, the Tories managed to win 76 seats, up from the 27 they held when the campaign kicked off in May. 


"My friends, this victory belongs to you. This victory belongs to the people. And tonight, the people of Ontario have spoken," Ford said in a speech to supporters at an event in Toronto. He opted to toss tradition out the window and speak before his unsuccessful rivals. 


Results | Follow all of the developments here after polls close

How to watch | CBC News Ontario election coverage

Ontario Votes 2018 | Complete coverage here

"I promised to deliver a strong, stable majority government and together we did that. Together we made history. We have taken back Ontario, we have delivered a government that is for the people," he continued.


"A new day has dawned in Ontario — a day of opportunity, a day of prosperity and a day of growth."



CBC News Toronto

2018 Ontario election in 90 seconds

   WATCH  

00:00 01:27   



This is the 2018 Ontario election in 90 seconds. 1:27

With all polls reporting, voter turnout was about 58 per cent, the strongest showing in the province since 1999. 


Ford easily won his seat in Etobicoke North, the symbolic heartland of "Ford Nation," the term given to an unwavering core of supporters, many of whom also backed his late brother, former Toronto mayor Rob Ford. 


In his victory speech, Ford became emotional as he thanked his brother.



Ford was easily elected in his riding of Etobicoke North. (Carlo Allegri/Reuters)

"I know my brother Rob is looking down from heaven. I'm just getting chills talking about him right now. I know Rob is celebrating with us tonight. We owe so much to Rob's legacy," Ford said. 


The PCs made significant gains in the 905 and throughout the Greater Toronto Area, regions that are critical to the political landscape in Ontario because the number of seats that are concentrated within them.


"Tonight we have a sent a clear message to the world: Ontario is open for business," Ford said in his address. 


As was expected, Horwath held onto her seat in Hamilton Centre, where she has served as an MPP since 2004. Heading into election day, polls suggested that the NDP had a slim chance of eking out a win. While such an improbable scenario never materialized, the New Democrats managed to take 40 seats, up from the 18 they held when the campaign began. 



CBC News Toronto

Doug Ford: 'We have taken back Ontario'

   WATCH  

00:00 00:46   



PC Leader Doug Ford addresses crowd at his headquarters in Etobicoke on election night. 0:46

"I could not be more proud that we offered a positive vision: change for the better. New Democrats rejected the politics of fear and cynicism, and we put hope and vision for a better future at the heart of our campaign," Horwath told supporters in Hamilton. 


"Together, we won more seats than we have held in a generation. And I am deeply humbled that Ontarians have asked us to serve as the new Official Opposition."


The election results represent a marked turnaround for the NDP, a party that has consistently found itself in third place since Bob Rae's government was defeated in 1995. 


Meanwhile, in a historic first for Ontario, Green party Leader Mike Schreiner has won a seat in Guelph. 


   RESUME PLAYBACK  

00:04 00:57   



NDP leader addresses crowed on election night in Hamilton. 0:57

Wynne resigns as Liberal leader

Wynne, Ontario's first female and openly LGBT premier, was re-elected in Don Valley West, though the race was much tighter than it has been in previous years.


However her incumbent Liberals, who had enjoyed a majority since 2014, suffered a stunning collapse. The party only managed to secure seven seats, which means they have lost official party status in the Legislature. They were also nearly wiped off the political map in Toronto, an area that was key to their majority. 


Similarly, in terms of the popular vote, it was the Liberal's worst showing in the party's history, with a 19.6 per cent vote share. It has never before finished with less than 20 per cent of the popular vote. 


LIVE BLOG RECAPDoug Ford's PC majority, as it happened

Kathleen Wynne ready to 'pass the torch,' quits as Ontario Liberal leader

NDP to lead opposition in a 'very divided province'

Several prominent Liberals who served as cabinet ministers under Wynne lost their seats, including Charles Sousa, Yasir Naqvi, Steven Del Duca and Glenn Thibeault.


The trouncing was foreshadowed last weekend, when Wynne took the extraordinary step of admitting publicly that she would not be Ontario's premier after the vote. With defeat imminent, she encouraged voters to elect Liberals to ensure the next government is kept "in check."


She struck a tone of gratitude in her last major address at the helm of the Liberal party. 


"This is not a concession speech — I conceded days ago. This is my chance to say thank you for allowing me to be premier, allowing me to connect with so many of you the last five years" Wynne told supporters on Thursday night. 



CBC News Toronto

Kathleen Wynne resigns as Ontario Liberal Leader

   WATCH  

00:00 00:30   



Kathleen Wynne announces she has resigned as Ontario Liberal Leader. 0:30

She then announced that she will resign as leader.


"There is another generation, and I am passing the torch to that generation," Wynne said as she fought back tears. 


"I know that tonight is not the result we were looking for and no one feels that more sharply than I do, but this is not a moment where any of us should linger. We can't stay here," she continued. 


"I hope that you can feel very proud of what we have done together in the past and absolutely determined to take on the task that lies ahead."


The PCs' election victory comes after a memorable and at-times vicious campaign that pitted the Tories against the NDP. The month-long slog proved difficult for Ford and some of his candidates. What began as a commanding lead in public opinion polls steadily narrowed over the month-long battle.


Ford, unaccustomed to the scrutiny that a provincial campaign draws, faced down multiple controversies and alleged scandals. One his former candidates was forced to resign over his alleged links to a data breach at the company who operates Ontario's Highway 407. 


And three days before the election, the widow of his late brother, former Toronto mayor Rob Ford, sued the Tory leader. The suit claims Ford withheld money from her and her two children, and that Ford's Toronto- and Chicago-based businesses are bleeding money.


Ontario PCs dominating Toronto's suburbs and 905, NDP swipes urban seats

Historic win for Green Leader Mike Schreiner in Guelph

Under Ford, the PCs recaptured the province they have not led since 2003, overcoming the failings of the past three elections that saw them unable to defeat the Liberals. In some cases those campaigns were sunk before they barely got off the ground with promises to fund religious schools or cut 100,000 public sector jobs.


Ford took the reins of the party less than three months ago, winning the leadership race on the third ballot after former leader Patrick Brown abruptly resigned.



PC 2,322,422 40.63%

NDP 1,925,574 33.69%

LIB 1,103,283 19.30%

GRN 263,987 4.62%













https://newsinteractives.cbc.ca/onvotes/results/



RidingStatusVote Margin
AJAX
42/42 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
3,948 votes
ALGOMA-MANITOULIN
111/111 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
9,245 votes
AURORA-OAK RIDGES-RICHMOND HILL
54/54 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
15,496 votes
BARRIE-INNISFIL
36/36 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
9,468 votes
BARRIE-SPRINGWATER-ORO-MEDONTE
68/68 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
7,554 votes
BAY OF QUINTE
88/88 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
8,189 votes
BEACHES-EAST YORK
43/43 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
10,584 votes
BRAMPTON CENTRE
48/48 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
89 votes
BRAMPTON EAST
30/30 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
4,975 votes
BRAMPTON NORTH
33/33 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
497 votes
BRAMPTON SOUTH
50/50 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
2,733 votes
BRAMPTON WEST
26/26 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
490 votes
BRANTFORD-BRANT
59/59 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
621 votes
BRUCE-GREY-OWEN SOUND
100/100 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
15,028 votes
BURLINGTON
90/90 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
7,440 votes
CAMBRIDGE
76/76 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
2,154 votes
CARLETON
38/38 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
14,490 votes
CHATHAM-KENT-LEAMINGTON
96/96 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
7,512 votes
DAVENPORT
52/52 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
19,051 votes
DON VALLEY EAST
67/67 polls reported
LIB*
leads
PC
1,027 votes
DON VALLEY NORTH
86/86 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
5,443 votes
DON VALLEY WEST
53/53 polls reported
LIB*
leads
PC
181 votes
DUFFERIN-CALEDON
56/56 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
18,320 votes
DURHAM
60/60 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
9,320 votes
EGLINTON-LAWRENCE
77/77 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
752 votes
ELGIN-MIDDLESEX-LONDON
74/74 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
12,341 votes
ESSEX
59/59 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
3,323 votes
ETOBICOKE CENTRE
82/82 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
4,724 votes
ETOBICOKE-LAKESHORE
72/72 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
3,201 votes
ETOBICOKE NORTH
41/41 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
9,845 votes
FLAMBOROUGH-GLANBROOK
56/56 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
4,824 votes
GLENGARRY-PRESCOTT-RUSSELL
101/101 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
4,523 votes
GUELPH
80/80 polls reported
GRN
leads
PC
14,998 votes
HALDIMAND-NORFOLK
64/64 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
15,280 votes
HALIBURTON-KAWARTHA LAKES-BROCK
99/99 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
17,396 votes
HAMILTON CENTRE
55/55 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
18,136 votes
HAMILTON EAST-STONEY CREEK
48/48 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
9,884 votes
HAMILTON MOUNTAIN
42/42 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
11,515 votes
HAMILTON WEST-ANCASTER-DUNDAS
87/87 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
6,727 votes
HASTINGS-LENNOX AND ADDINGTON
93/93 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
8,179 votes
HUMBER RIVER-BLACK CREEK
50/50 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
2,206 votes
HURON-BRUCE
100/100 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
12,320 votes
KANATA-CARLETON
53/53 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
7,928 votes
KENORA-RAINY RIVER
106/106 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP*
2,190 votes
KING-VAUGHAN
53/53 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
17,124 votes
KINGSTON AND THE ISLANDS
88/88 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
6,385 votes
KITCHENER CENTRE
66/66 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
7,442 votes
KITCHENER-CONESTOGA
50/50 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
686 votes
KITCHENER SOUTH-HESPELER
52/52 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
769 votes
LAMBTON-KENT-MIDDLESEX
77/77 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
11,086 votes
LANARK-FRONTENAC-KINGSTON
91/91 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
10,845 votes
LEEDS-GRENVILLE-THOUSAND ISLANDS AND RIDEAU LAKES
96/96 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
20,327 votes
LONDON-FANSHAWE
49/49 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
11,753 votes
LONDON NORTH CENTRE
88/88 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
9,056 votes
LONDON WEST
68/68 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
15,511 votes
MARKHAM-STOUFFVILLE
47/47 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
11,905 votes
MARKHAM-THORNHILL
42/42 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
9,783 votes
MARKHAM-UNIONVILLE
45/45 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
20,850 votes
MILTON
41/41 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
5,177 votes
MISSISSAUGA CENTRE
105/105 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
5,814 votes
MISSISSAUGA EAST-COOKSVILLE
67/67 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
4,742 votes
MISSISSAUGA-ERIN MILLS
47/47 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
6,751 votes
MISSISSAUGA-LAKESHORE
61/61 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
3,884 votes
MISSISSAUGA-MALTON
32/32 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
2,362 votes
MISSISSAUGA-STREETSVILLE
34/34 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
8,486 votes
NEPEAN
48/48 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
8,809 votes
NEWMARKET-AURORA
58/60 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
11,561 votes
NIAGARA CENTRE
65/65 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
3,285 votes
NIAGARA FALLS
89/89 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
9,035 votes
NIAGARA WEST
66/66 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
10,617 votes
NICKEL BELT
57/57 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
15,139 votes
NIPISSING
81/81 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
4,604 votes
NORTHUMBERLAND-PETERBOROUGH SOUTH
113/113 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
12,574 votes
OAKVILLE
77/79 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
15,321 votes
OAKVILLE NORTH-BURLINGTON
41/41 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
12,182 votes
ORLÉANS
57/57 polls reported
LIB*
leads
PC
2,463 votes
OSHAWA
52/52 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
1,607 votes
OTTAWA CENTRE
122/122 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
8,564 votes
OTTAWA SOUTH
71/71 polls reported
LIB*
leads
PC
5,464 votes
OTTAWA-VANIER
115/115 polls reported
LIB*
leads
NDP
6,323 votes
OTTAWA WEST-NEPEAN
80/80 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
176 votes
OXFORD
71/71 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
13,235 votes
PARKDALE-HIGH PARK
78/78 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
22,586 votes
PARRY SOUND-MUSKOKA
102/102 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
12,270 votes
PERTH-WELLINGTON
59/59 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
9,351 votes
PETERBOROUGH-KAWARTHA
104/104 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
2,194 votes
PICKERING-UXBRIDGE
56/56 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
5,418 votes
RENFREW-NIPISSING-PEMBROKE
102/102 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
25,284 votes
RICHMOND HILL
67/67 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
10,116 votes
ST. CATHARINES
60/60 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
1,558 votes
SARNIA-LAMBTON
78/78 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
7,806 votes
SAULT STE. MARIE
62/62 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
414 votes
SCARBOROUGH-AGINCOURT
50/50 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
8,135 votes
SCARBOROUGH CENTRE
86/86 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
1,990 votes
SCARBOROUGH-GUILDWOOD
69/69 polls reported
LIB*
leads
PC
81 votes
SCARBOROUGH NORTH
45/45 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
8,493 votes
SCARBOROUGH-ROUGE PARK
42/42 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
963 votes
SCARBOROUGH SOUTHWEST
63/63 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
6,159 votes
SIMCOE-GREY
60/60 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
20,650 votes
SIMCOE NORTH
76/76 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
10,255 votes
SPADINA-FORT YORK
121/121 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
12,907 votes
STORMONT-DUNDAS-SOUTH GLENGARRY
87/87 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
17,364 votes
SUDBURY
95/95 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
9,000 votes
THORNHILL
71/71 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
19,755 votes
THUNDER BAY-ATIKOKAN
73/73 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
81 votes
THUNDER BAY-SUPERIOR NORTH
89/89 polls reported
LIB*
leads
NDP
819 votes
TIMISKAMING-COCHRANE
89/89 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
10,645 votes
TIMMINS
37/37 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
4,344 votes
TORONTO CENTRE
84/84 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
11,702 votes
TORONTO-DANFORTH
47/47 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
24,807 votes
TORONTO-ST. PAUL'S
51/51 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
1,348 votes
UNIVERSITY-ROSEDALE
78/78 polls reported
NDP
leads
LIB*
13,639 votes
VAUGHAN-WOODBRIDGE
38/38 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
7,945 votes
WATERLOO
68/68 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
10,342 votes
WELLINGTON-HALTON HILLS
57/57 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
17,572 votes
WHITBY
56/56 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
5,909 votes
WILLOWDALE
119/119 polls reported
PC
leads
LIB*
6,917 votes
WINDSOR-TECUMSEH
72/72 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
13,546 votes
WINDSOR WEST
72/72 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
9,203 votes
YORK CENTRE
81/81 polls reported
PC
leads
NDP
9,817 votes
YORK-SIMCOE
52/52 polls reported
PC*
leads
NDP
15,395 votes
YORK SOUTH-WESTON
74/74 polls reported
NDP
leads
PC
1,168 votes
KIIWETINOONG
52/52 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
1,494 votes
MUSHKEGOWUK-JAMES BAY
25/30 polls reported
NDP*
leads
PC
1,996 votes
* incumbent party
 elected



Posted by NJ원시

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정책비교2014. 10. 15. 17:13

2011.05.03 13:28

[캐나다 총선] 진보계열, 50년만에 제 1 야당으로 도약

원시 조회 수 1025


한국의 진보정당과 좌파당이 캐나다 총선에서 얻어야 할 시사점과 교훈은 무엇인가? 잠시 생각해보다.

2011년 5월 2일 캐나다 총선 결과가 지금 발표되고 있습니다. 시차 때문에, 아직 최종결과는 나오지 않았지만, 윤곽이 다 잡혔습니다.


결과는 보수당 (*PC 진보적 보수당 - 당 이름임: 아니러니하죠? 진보적 Progressive 라는 말을 달고 보수당이니까요)이 과반수를 넘어서 제 1 다수당이 되었고, 최근 3차례 총선에서 1위를 유지하고 있음.


주목할 만한 가장 큰 뉴스는, 캐나다는 2차 세계대전 이후, 자유당 (Liberal Party)가 연방차원에서 거의 독재를 하다시피 했는데, 이번 총선에서 1962년 창당된, 신 민주당 New Democratic Party: 중도 좌파)이 제 1 야당이 되었다는 것입니다.


캐나다는 정치 정당 이념/이데올로기 지형을 고려했을 때, OECD 국가들 중에서, 아니 전 세계적으로 거의 한국과 유사한 정치 정당 역학관계를 유지하고 있습니다. 스웨덴, 핀란드, 독일, 프랑스와 단선비교해서는 안되듯이, 캐나다와 한국을 단순하게 비교해서는 안되겠습니다만. (*이는 나중에 다시 언급하도록 하겠습니다)


왜 이번 캐나다 총선에서 신_민주당 (NDP)가 제 1 야당으로 되었는가? 정책은 무엇이고, 당 대표 잭 레이튼 Jack Layton 은 누구인가에 대해서는 다음 번에 다시 언급하도록 하겠습니다. 선거 정책은 새로울 것은 하나도 없습니다. 의사,간호사 숫자 늘이겠다. 보건의료 정책 (*캐나다가 미국이나 다른 나라에 비해서 상대적으로 잘 되어 있음) 유지하겠다. 직업 창출하겠다. 연금 후퇴 저지하겠다. 가족 및 노인 복지 더 힘쓰겠다 등.


지금 개표하면서, 왜 신 민주당이 약진했는가? (특히 퀘백 주에서, 전통적인 퀘벡 블럭 정당을 궤멸시키고, 신 인민당이 거의 휩쓸어버림. 그 이전에는 1석도 없었음) 물음에, 8년 동안 준비했고, 우리 말로 <민생: 위에서 열거한 사회복지 및 공공 복지 정책>을 내실있게 준비했다. 관성적인 오타와 (수도) 정치를 바꾸겠다는 것을 내세움. 물론 잭 레이튼 고향이 퀘백주 몬트리올 근처라는 것도 큰 작용을 했습니다.


도표만 몇 개 간단히 올리겠습니다.


현재 308석 의석 수 (캐나다 국회:의회 정당별 의석수)





2011년 5월 2일 총선 결과 현재 시각







텔레비젼 중계방송






신_민주당, 창당 이후, 국회 (의회) 선거 득표율 및 의석 숫자 변동 상황.




NDP_first_opposition_49years.jpg



<참고>



신_민주당, 창당 이후, 국회 (의회) 선거 득표율 및 의석 숫자 변동 상황.

캐나다 총선은, 비례대표가 없고, <1위만 당선되는 체제임>, 비례대표가 없던 시절 한국 선거제도와 동일함

Posted by NJ원시

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