정책비교/국제정치2019. 2. 26. 19:09
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새로운 베네수엘라 사회주의를 실천하다가 사망한 차베스 이후, 베네수엘라는 다시 사회적 정치적 위기에 직면했다. 미국의 개입과 침략을 반대하는 베네수엘라 마두로 대통령 인터뷰와 BBC 뉴스 몇 가지 보도 요약.


1. 마두로 인터뷰 핵심:


(1) 마두로 현 베네수엘라 대통령은 미국 백악관을 지배하는 쿠 쿨룩스 클란, 극우파의 이익을 대변하는 미국 제국주의가 베네수엘라를 탈취하기 위해 전쟁을 벌이고 있다고 트럼프 행정부를 맹비난했다.


(2) 트럼프가 백인 우월론자인가?

마두로 "트럼프는 공개적으로 백인 우월론자이고, 미국 유럽 남미에서 신 나치주의자들을 옹호하고 선동하고 있다" 그들은 미국의 이익 때문에 베네수엘라를 싫어한다. 


(3) 베네수엘라는 내부 문제를 스스로 풀어 보겠다. 미국처럼 베네수엘라 문제에 개입하지 말라. 베네수엘라를 도와주려면 '평화'를 지원하라. 


2. BBC 뉴스 보도 일부


(1) 마두로 정부에 대한 부정적 인식 인터뷰

마가리타 로페즈 마야 (카라카스 중앙대학 교수) "현재 베네수엘라에서 벌어지고 있는 적대적 대립들을 평화적으로 풀기 힘들다. 베네수엘라 사람들은 평화적 해법을 찾아왔지만, 마두로 정부 속성상 그게 더 어렵게 될 것이다"

-> 마두로 정권에 대한 부정적 시각 인터뷰 


(2) 외국 군대의 개입 문제점

벤자민 게단 (미국 국가안보 위원회 남미 연구소장)은 외국 군대가 베네수엘라에 개입하는 것은 위험하다고 진단.

이미 낡아빠진 베네수엘라 인프라를 파괴 위험성.

국제 사회 분열 가능성.

새로운 정부가 들어서더라도 그 정당성의 훼손 우려.


출처 기사: 

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-47354754


After the fight for humanitarian aid, what next for Venezuela’s opposition?


By Katy Watson

Petare, Venezuela

25 February 2019


Deadly border clashes have taken place after President Nicolás Maduro blocked humanitarian aid from crossing from Colombia and Brazil

After a weekend of violence, it is time for reflection. And Plan B.


Opposition leader Juan Guaidó will be meeting regional members of the Lima Group in Colombia's capital, Bogotá, on Monday.


US Vice-President Mike Pence is also taking part to discuss the crisis in Venezuela. The Trump administration has been a big backer of Mr Guaidó since he declared himself interim president last month.


Juan Guaidó has said that after Saturday's events, he has decided to formally ask the international community to keep all options on the table.


US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo tweeted over the weekend that America would "take action against those who oppose the peaceful restoration of democracy in Venezuela".


Read between the lines, and military intervention, something that US President Donald Trump said he would not rule out, is clearly being left as a form of "action".


Keddy Moreno lives in Venezuela's biggest slum, Petare, a neighbourhood of the capital, Caracas. She is prepared for military intervention - anything to end the hardships she faces on a daily basis.


I meet her just before she heads to Sunday evening Mass. The priest's sermon touches upon the need for forgiveness in Venezuela - and the need to end the political fight so families are no longer divided.


Keddy Moreno says efforts at the weekend to block the aid coming in were "a great injustice"


That is a story Keddy knows all too well. Her daughter left Venezuela to look for work in Peru two years ago, just four months after giving birth. Keddy's now bringing up her little granddaughter alone.


"This weekend was a great injustice," she says of the government's efforts to block the aid coming in. "But it could have been worse. It gives us more encouragement that things can change."



Petare, where Keddy lives, is Venezuela's largest slum


Keddy thinks Juan Guaidó is the best man to take Venezuela forward.



"If only he had appeared before, things could have changed sooner."



Intervention - more harm than good?


Not far from Petare, in one of Caracas' wealthier suburbs, families are making the most of the sunny weekend on the Cota Mil ringroad which snakes along the north of the capital, under the iconic Avila mountain that overlooks the metropolis.



Petroleum engineer Renni Pavolini is out walking his seven-month-old spaniel Eva. He thinks the US needs to get involved in bringing the presidency of President Maduro to an end, despite fears from many that it could do more harm than good.



Renni Pavolini says he supports foreign intervention if it will "make a big change for this country"

"They are always being interventionist," he says, giving the past examples of Vietnam, Iraq and Cuba. "But if that intervention will make a big change for this country, I think it's a good thing."

외국 군대가 베네수엘라 현 대통령인 마두로를 쫓아내는 것에 찬성하는 사람, 레니 파볼리니. (이런 숫자가 얼마나 되나?)


Good or bad, there are not many options left, according to Margarita Lopez Maya, a professor at the Central University of Caracas.



Margarita Lopez Maya, a professor at the Central University of Caracas, says a peaceful solution to current hostilities is "very difficult"

"Venezuelans keep on betting on the possibility of a peaceful way out of this, but the nature of the Maduro government makes it very difficult for a peaceful way out," she says.


"We have seen that they don't care about the Venezuelan people. They don't care about the cruelty or repression. They don't have scruples. If they have to kill people, they will kill them. If they have to starve them, they will starve them."


Fears of intervention   (외국 군대의 개입) 

But people on both sides of the political argument fear military intervention.



In pictures: Border clashes

"I think it would devastate an already dilapidated infrastructure, it would create divisions within the international community, it would raise questions about the legitimacy of the new Venezuelan authorities, it would set an awful precedent for the region," says Benjamin Gedan of the Wilson Centre in Washington and former South America director on the National Security Council.


"It carries great risks and it's not necessary."






Maduro: US "warmongering" in order to take over Venezuela



Mr Gedan instead urges patience. The most recent sanctions placed on the state-oil company PDVSA will take effect in the coming weeks and that, he says, will pile more pressure on the government.


"Does he still have the rents to distribute to the elites?" he asks. "It's not ideological loyalty any more, it's shared impunity and it's bribery."

Once that money disappears, so too will the loyalty.


Concerts for peace

Mr Maduro is not giving up yet. In the centre of Caracas this weekend, the government put on a concert in the name of peace, hiring artists to belt out the political message that it does not need other countries to get involved and fix Venezuela.





President Maduro spoke at a pro-government concert this weekend in light of another, anti-Maduro concert organised by opposition groups and British billionaire Richard Branson


"What we want is for the whole world to call on Donald Trump, to call on the US, to call on the countries that want Venezuela choked, and remind them that we are a free country," says Ezequiel Suarez who is in the crowd. 

"We can decide ourselves what kind of future we deserve and we want to construct."


On a nearby building, there is a giant poster with the face of Nicolás Maduro overlooking the concert. The future belongs to us, it reads - but for how long?

















































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